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YAMAHA 



MUSIC SEQUENCER 



OPERATION MANUAL 



FCC INFORMATION (U.S.A.) 

1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT! 

This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions contained in this manual, meets FCC require- 
ments. Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha may void your authority, granted by the FCC, to 
use the product. 

2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/or another product use only high quality 
shielded cables. Cable/s supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation instructions. 
Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC authorization to use this product in the USA. 

3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with the requirements listed in FCC Regula- 
tions, Part 15 for Class "B" digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a reasonable 
level of assurance that your use of this product in a residential environment will not result in harmful 
interference with other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio frequencies and, if not 
installed and used according to the instructions found in the users manual, may cause interference 
harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance with FCC regulations does not guarantee 
that interference will not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the source of interference, 
which can be determined by turning the unit "OFF" and "ON", please try to eliminate the problem by 
using one of the following measures: 

Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by the interference. 

Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s. 

In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna. If the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm 
ribbon lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable. 

If these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results, please contact the local retailer author- 
ized to distribute this type of product. If you can not locate the appropriate, please contact Yamaha 
Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA 90620 



Detteapparatoverholderdetgaeldende 
EF-direktiv vedrorende radiostoj. 

Cet appareil est conforme aux pre- 
scriptions de la directive communautaire 
87/308/CEE. 

Diese Gerate entsprechen der EG- 
Richtlmie 82/499/EWG und/oder Bjfl 
308/EWG. ^| 

This product compties with the radio 
frequency interference requirements 
of the Council Directive 82/499/EEC 
and/or 87/308/EEC. 

Questo apparecchio e conforme al 
D.M.I 3 aprile 1989 (Direttiva CEE/87/ 
308) sulla soppressione dei radiodisturbi, 

Este producto esta de acuerdo con los 
requisitos sobre interferencias de ra- 
dio frequencia fijados por el Consejo 
Directivo 87/308/CEE. 

YAMAHA CORPORATION 



* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA. 



WARNING: CHEMICAL CONTENT NOTICE! 

The solder used in the manufacture of this product contains LEAD. In addition, the electrical/electronic and/or plastic (where applicable) components may 
also contain traces of chemicals found by the California Health and Welfare Agency (and possibly other entities) to cause cancer and/or birth defects or other 
reproductive harm. 

DO NOT REMOVE ANY ENCLOSURE COMPONENTS! Thereare no user serviceable parts inside. All service should be performed bya service representative' 
authorized by Yamaha to perform such service. 

IMPORTANT MESSAGE: Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally "friendly". We sincerely believe that our products 
meet these goals. However, in keeping with both the spirit and the letter of various statutes we have included the messages shown above and others in 
various locations in this manual. 



' This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA. 



TUTORIAL SECTION 



Congratulations! 

You are the proud owner of a Yamaha QY10 Music Sequencer! In a package no larger 
than a video cassette, your QY10 has everything you need to program complete compositions 
or accompaniments: 8-track sequencer, 28-note polyphonic/30-voice tone generator, and 
26-voice rhythm machine. You can record each track in real time or note-by-note, either 
using the micro-keyboard on the QY10 panel or an external MIDI instrument. The QY10 
even provides a range of preset backing "patterns" in a variety of styles including rhythm, 
bass, and two chord parts that you can use as a basis for your compositions. You can use 
the patterns in whole or in part ... or program new ones of your own. Once you've recorded 
the basic parts, the QY10 gives you a range of important editing functions so you can 
reshape and refine your work until it sounds exactly the way you want it to. 

In order to take full advantage of the many features and powerful capabilities of your 
QY10, we urge you read through the manual carefully — the Tutorials section first, then 
the Reference section — while trying out the features described. Also be sure to keep the 
manuals in a safe place for later reference. 



MAIN FEATURES 



• 8- song memory with 8 sequencer tracks each: 4 for melody and chord lines; 4 for 
backing including chords, bass, and rhythm. 

• 30 PCM voices and 26 drum instruments provide a diverse and colorful "palette" of 
sound. 

• 32-note sequencer polyphony; 28-note tone-generator polyphony. 

• Enter notes and chords via the QY10 "micro-keyboard," or via a full-size external 
instrument connected to the MIDI interface. 

• Real-time and step-write programming capability. 

• Exclusive chord entry system makes programming even complex chords quick and 

easy. 

• 76 preset patterns provide a convenient foundation for backing tracks, while 24 memory 
locations can be programmed with your own, totally original patterns. 

• MIDI bulk dump capability lets you transfer QY10 sequence data to compatible 
sequencers and instruments. 

• Versatile editing functions. 



CONTENTS 



TUTORIALS 

ABOUT THE MANUAL 7 

PRECAUTIONS 8 

POWER SUPPLY 10 

THE CONTROLS & CONNECTORS 12 

GETTING STARTED 18 

Play the Demo 18 

Listen to the Preset Patterns 20 

Try Out the Voices 23 

CREATING AN ACCOMPANIMENT 26 

Track Muting 31 

RECORDING THE SEQUENCER TRACKS 32 

OTHER IMPORTANT FACTS 34 

Important Facts About the Backing Tracks 34 

Creating Original Patterns 34 

Chords and Automatic Harmonization 36 

How Much Free Memory Do You Have? 37 

Driving External Tone Generators 38 

Conclusion 38 



■ REFERENCE 



SONG MODE 41 * 

SONG EDIT 59 * 

SONG JOBS 69* 

VOICE MODE 83 * 

UTILITY MODE 89* 

PATTERN MODE 97 * 

PATTERN EDIT 105 * 

PATTERN JOBS 109 * 

ERROR MESSAGES 120 

SPECIFICATIONS 124 

INDEX 127 

* Local tables of contents provided on these pages. 



ABOUT THE MANUAL 



The QY10 manual is divided into two sections: "Tuto- 
^ils" (this section), and "Reference." 

■ The "Tutorials" Section 

This is the section you should start with. The "Tutori- 
als" section provides step-by-instructions covering a few of 
the most basic QY10 operations, and is designed to get you 
familiar with the QY10 in the shortest possible time. 

The Tutorials section will teach you how to; 

* Play back the demonstration songs. 

* Select the pattern mode and listen to the preset 
patterns. 

* Select the voice mode and try out the voices. 

* Program a simple accompaniment. 

* Add a lead line to the accompaniment. 

* Create a simple backing pattern. 

^ Go through the Tutorials section first , and actually try 
out the procedures on your QY10. 



■ The "Reference" Section (pages 41 through 117) 

The Reference section is the part of the manual you'll 
want to refer to after you gain initial familiarity with the 
QY10 — i.e. after you've carefully gone through the Tuto- 
rials. The Reference section provides full details of the 
QYlO's many functions and features. Unlike the Tutorials 
section which is designed to be read through from beginning 
to end, the Reference section allows you to directly reference 
information on individual functions. So if you're recording 
a sequence and you want to know how to "quantize" a 
track, the Reference section is where you'll find the an- 
swer. 



PRECATIONS (PLEASE READ THIS BEFORE PROCEEDING!!) 



1. AVOID EXCESSIVE HEAT, HUMIDITY, DUST 

AND VIBRATION 

Keep the unit away from locations where it is likely to 
be exposed to high temperatures or humidity — such as 
near radiators, stoves, etc. Also avoid locations which are 
subject to excessive dust accumulation or vibration which 
could cause mechanical damage. 

2. AVOID PHYSICAL SHOCKS 

Strong physical shocks to the unit can cause damage. 
Handle it with care. 

3. DO NOT OPEN THE CASE OR ATTEMPT 

REPAIRS OR MODIFICATIONS YOURSELF 

This product contains no user-serviceable parts. Refer 
all maintenance to qualified Yamaha service personnel. Opening 
the case and/or tampering with the internal circuitry will 
void the warranty. 

4. MAKE SURE POWER IS OFF BEFORE MAK- 

ING OR REMOVING CONNECTIONS 

Always turn the power OFF prior to connecting or 
disconnecting cables. 



5. HANDLE CABLES CAREFULLY 

Always plug and unplug cables by gripping the connectof 
not the cord. 

6. CLEAN WITH A SOFT DRY CLOTH 

Never use solvents such as benzine or thinner to clean 
the unit. Wipe clean with a soft, dry cloth. 

7. ALWAYS USE THE CORRECT POWER SUPPLY 

The QY10 should only be powered using the specified 
batteries or Yamaha AC Adapter. The use of other batteries 
or adapters can cause serious damage to the QY10. 

8. ELECTRICAL INTERFERENCE 

Since the QY10 contains digital circuitry, it may cause 
interference and noise if placed too close to TV sets, radios 
or similar equipment. If such a problem does occur, move 
the QY10 further away from the affected equipment. 

9. MIDI CABLES 

When connecting to QY10 to MIDI equipment, be sure 
to use high-quality cables made especially for MIDI data 
transmission. Also avoid cables longer than about 15 meters, 



8 



as longer cables can pick up electrical noise that can causes 
data errors. 

10. MEMORY BACKUP 

The QY10 contains a special long-life battery that re- 
^fns the contents of its internal RAM memory even when 
m power is turned OFF. The backup battery should last for 
approximately 5 years. When the backup battery finally 
fails the contents of the QY10 memory will be lost. When 
this happens, have the backup battery replaced by qualified 
Yamaha service personnel. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REPLACE 
THE BACKUP BATTERY YOURSELF! 

IMPORTANT!: We recommend that you use the QY10 
MIDI Bulk Dump function to transfer important data to 
a MIDI data recorder or other storage device for safe 
long-term storage. Yamaha cannot be held responsible 
for data loss caused bv battery failure or improper operation 
of the OY 10. 



POWER SUPPLY 



Your QY10 Music Sequencer will run either from bat- 
teries or an AC adapter — both sold separately. Follow the 
instructions below according to the power source you intend 
to use. 

• Using Batteries 

Six 1.5V AA size (SUM-3 or R6P) or equivalent alka- 
line batteries (sold separately) must first be installed in the 
battery compartment. 



2. Insert the six batteries, being careful to follow the polarity^ 
markings inside the compartment. i 

3. Replace the compartment cover, making sure that it 
locks firmly in place. 

When to Replace the Batteries 

When the batteries run down and are no longer able to 
operate the QY10, the following display will appear: 



1. Open the battery compartment cover — located on the 
instrument's bottom panel — by sliding it in the direc- 
tion of the arrow, 

© 



© 



© 



I- {■-■■-■ CiH .:-.r- i„j i .-. i.i I 



When this display appears, replace the batteries with a 
complete set of six new batteries. NEVER mix old and new 
batteries! 

To prevent possible damage due to battery leakage, 
remove the batteries from the instrument if it is not to be 
used for an extended period of time. *~ 



x^ 



10 



• Using An Optional Power Adapter 

Plug the DC output cable from an optional Yamaha 
PA-IB or PA-3 AC Adapter into the DC IN 12V 300mA 
jack on the rear panel, then plug the adapter into a conven- 
^§nt wall AC power socket. 

* Do not attempt to use an AC adapter other than the 
Yamaha PA- IB or PA-3 to power the QY10. The use of an 
incompatible adapter may cause irreparable damage to the 
QY10, and might pose a serious shock hazard! 

Be sure to unplug the AC adapter from the AC mains 
socket when the QY10 is not in use. 



* 



11 



THE CONTROLS & CONNECTORS 



SIDE PANELS / REAR PANEL 




HI 



6 








YAMAHA DTVnO ■=£ 



MUSIC SEQUENCER 



-12V ; 



12 



POWER Switch 

Slide to the ON position to turn the power on. Always 
turn the POWER switch OFF when the QY10 is not in use 
to prevent unnecessary wear on the batteries. 

^DC IN 12V 300mA Connector 

The DC output cable from an optional Yamaha PA- IB 
or PA- 3 AC Adapter can be connected here to power the 
QY10 when the batteries are depleted, or simply to reduce 
wear on the batteries when an AC outlet is handy. When the 
AC Adapter is used the batteries are automatically discon- 
nected. 

[Details on page 11] 

© MIDI IN and OUT Connectors 

In addition to allowing input from an external MIDI 
keyboard or other MIDI instrument via the MIDI IN con- 
nector (Reference, page 49), the QY10 outputs all sequence 
playback in real time via the MIDI OUT connector so that 
external tone generators and rhythm machines can be driven 
if required. The QY10 also allows sequence data to be 
"bulk dumped" to other MIDI sequencers or keyboards 
with built-in sequencer functions, as well as to a second 
<W0 (Reference, page 93). You can, for example, do the 
tuj/c programming for a composition on the portable QY10, 
then dump the data to your computer before finishing it off. 



You can also dump the data to a MIDI data recorder for 
long-term high-capacity storage. 

LINE OUT Connector 

This stereo mini-jack delivers the audio output of the 
QY10 at line level for direct connection to a stereo sound 
system, mixing console, or similar equipment. 

Q PHONES Jack 

Just about any pair of stereo headphones with a stereo 
mini-plug can be plugged in here for easy, convenient 
monitoring anywhere, anytime. 

© VOLUME Control 

The VOLUME control adjusts the volume of the sound 
delivered via the PHONES and LINE OUT jacks. 



13 



TOP PANEL 



© 











MEASURE 



Yj\MAHA OVII 




Reet^ 2 Tie o 3 J P 4 J> mf 5 J f 

M/ad9 1 (fm/>d9li (f 7/9 1 f m7/m9 J fW/MB j 

J Norm J Stur 



m/ad&J !£9 
5 BDel Del 7 Cho 8 o Stac 




CwW 
B02 




[sD4 
1 SD2 



CngM 

Ton* 




AogH 
Cra* 



803 

801 



CngL 
TomL 




CngH 
TonM 



AogL 
Claps 



TitM. 
Rim 



HH2 

HrrC 



Shkr 
HH-0 







-BACKSMG- 



(Cl) (C2) (BASS) (RHYTHM )j 



<b 



14 



Liquid Crystal Display 

This 16-character LCD panel displays all necessary 
information when playing or programming the QY10. 

[MENU] Key & Function Keys 

^The [MENU] key can be used in most situations to call 
a menu of functions related to the current mode or function 
being performed. The four small function buttons immedi- 
ately below the LCD panel are then used to select the 
desired item from the displayed menu. 

@ [SONG] and [PATT] Keys 

These keys select the QYlO's song and pattern modes, 
respectively. The song mode is the QYlO's main operating 
mode, allowing recording, editing, and playback of any of 
its 8 possible songs. The pattern mode allows recording and 
editing of backing patterns to be used in songs. 

[EXIT] Key 

As its name implies, the [EXIT] key allows you to exit 
from just about any function and return to the previous 
mode or display. 

%CURSOR [M] and [►] Keys 

These move the underline cursor around on the display, 
so you can select specific functions or parameters for pro- 
gramming. If an arrow (->) appears at either end of the dis- 



play, it mean that another display "page" can be accessed 
by moving the cursor beyond the end of the current display 
in the direction indicated by the arrow. 

© [-] and [+] Keys 

These are the QYlO's decrement and increment keys, 
allowing step-wise or continuous decrementing or incrementing 
of the value of the the selected parameter. Press either key 
briefly to decrement or increment the value by one, or hold 
either key for continuous decrementing or incrementing in 
the specified direction. For parameters that have values in 
the tens or hundreds, it is possible to increment or decrement 
by tens by pressing the [SHIFT] key and then the [+] or [-] 
key. 

The [-] and [+] keys also function as [NO] and [YES] 
keys when the QY10 requests confirmation of an operation. 

O Sequencer Keys — [•], [M], [<4] 9 [■], [►], and [►►] 
The sequencer keys are similar to the transport controls 
on a tape recorder, providing stop, playback, record, "fast 
wind," and return-to-top functions (Reference, page 42). 

[•] Record standby. 

[h] Return to top of song (measure 1). 

[■*«] . . .Skip backward. Press briefly to skip one 

measure, or hold for continuous scrolling. 
[■] Stop. 



15 



[►] Play from current measure. 

[►>] . . .Skip forward. Press briefly to skip one meas- 
ure, or hold for continuous scrolling. 

© Numeric/Chord Keys 

These keys have three separate functions, depending 
on the current operation. 

When entering numeric parameters such as a tempo or 
pattern number, they usually act as a numeric keypad (refer 
to the numbers at the upper left corner of each key). In this 
case the newly entered number will flash on the display, 
and will be actually entered only when the [ENTER] key is 
pressed. 

In the step record mode these same keys allow direct 
entry of a range of important musical elements including 
rests, dynamics, and phrasing (Reference, page 46 ... 48). 
The two symbols directly above each key indicate the element 
that can be entered by simply pressing the key (left symbol) 
and by pressing the key after pressing the [SHIFT] key 
(right symbol). 

When entering chords these 10 keys provide easy ac- 
cess to 20 different chord types (Reference, page 51). If 
you want a B-flat minor seventh chord, for example, just 
press the B-flat key on the micro-keyboard (see below) and 
then the [m7/m9] key. The left chord type on each key is 
entered simply by pressing the key, and the right chord type 
is entered by first pressing the [SHIFT] key (or by pressing 
the key twice). 
16 



© [ENTER] Key 

After you enter a new parameter value, chord, note, or 
other musical element, the [ENTER] key will normally 
have to be pressed to actually enter the new value. 

<B> [SHIFT] Key 

As already mentioned in "© Numeric/Chord Keys," above, 
the QY10 keys often provide access to two different functions. 
In these cases the second function can be accessed by first 
pressing the [SHIFT] key (an "S" will appear at the left of 
the display) and then the appropriate function key (the "S" will 
then disappear). 

<D Micro-keyboard and [A] and [▼] Keys 

If you're on the road or away from it all, all you need is 
the QY10 and a pair of headphones. The micro-keyboard 
and transpose keys let you record and edit sequences with- 
out any other equipment. The micro-keyboard corresponds 
to a one-octave span of a conventional keyboard (note the 
white and black keys), and the [A] and [▼] transpose keys 
shift the pitch of the micro-keyboard up or down in semi- 
tone increments. The white keys can also be used for track 
selection when the track display is selected (Reference, 
page 43) — note the track numbers a backing track nar"^ - 
(CI, C2, BASS, RHYTHM) below the white keys. 

If you prefer to use a full-size keyboard or other MIDI 
instrument, just plug into the QY10 MIDI interface and 
play. 



© [TRACK/TRANS] Key 

This key accesses the QY10 track display including 
track selection and track mute functions (Reference, page 
43), as well as the main transpose function (Reference, 
Daee 44). The track display and transpose displays are se- 
^;ed alternately each time the [TRACK/TRANS] key is 
pressed. Press the [EXIT] key to return to the previous 
display. 



17 



GETTING STARTED 



In this section we'll look at a few of the most basic 3. 

QY10 operations to give you an idea of how it sounds, and 
how some of the controls operate. 

■ Play the Demo 

The QY10 is programmed with three demonstration 
songs that will give you an idea of its vast creative poten- 
tial. Here's how you can play and listen to the demonstration 
songs. 

1. Plug a pair of stereo headphones into the QY10 PHONES 4. 
jack — a pair of "portable headphone stereo" type 
headphones will do nicely — and turn the POWER 
switch ON. 

2. If the song mode display is not showing (see below), 
press the [SONG] key to select it (Reference, page 42). 



TiZa 4. 






b i 



If it's not already there, use the CURSOR [►] key jo 
move the underline cursor to the rightmost pararm 
on the screen (the song number, "SI" through "S8"), 
then press and hold the [+] key until "DM" appears 
(you could also press the [9] key and then the [ENTER] 
key). 



is DEMO 



;oNGi m 



Press the sequencer [►] to start playback, and adjust 
the VOLUME control for the most comfortable listen- 
ing level. 



1 ' DEMO 


■-, :~i Ki p 1 


D M 




■"■ ■ F\ F~ !vi i~t 


b U H b Z 


r-. m 




■:. 5 ft 1- M p 

_ 


SONG 3 


DM 



18 



5. The three demo songs will play one after another, and 
the cycle will continue until the sequencer [■] key is 
pressed. 

Note: Before pressing the [►] key to start playback, it is 
% possible to select the demonstration song from which 
to begin playback by using the CURSOR [-*] key to move 
the cursor to the number at the left of the display, and 
then the [-] and [+] keys to select a demonstration song 
number. 

6. When you're finished with the demonstration, make 
sure the cursor is positioned under "DM" to the right of 
the display, then press and hold the [-] key to go back 
to song number 1 ("SI")- A faster way to do this is 
simply to press the [EXIT] key. 



19 



■ Listen to the Preset Patterns 

The QY10 has 76 basic backing patterns (pattern num- 
bers 24 through 99) that let you make great music fast. The 
patterns — each including rhythm, bass, and 2 chord tracks 
corresponding to the QY10 sequencer's backing tracks — 



cover a wide variety of styles. Here's how you can listen to 
the patterns — perhaps to decide which one to use in your 
first original sequence. 



QY10 Preset Patterns 



No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 




No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 


24 


FU4Buzz 


126 


Up-tempo dance. 


43 


FS4NYFun 


100 


New York 90's funk. 


25 


FU4Jammy 


102 


Heavy pop funk. 




44 


FS4Strut 


94 


90 's funk. 


26 


FU4LAPop 


106 


Pop funk. 




45 


FS4Funq 


102 


West coast 90' s funk. 


27 


FU4Slam 


120 


Heavy dance funk. 




46 


FS4 Hip 


93 


Heavy funk. 


28 


FU4NYPop 


121 


R&B funk. 




47 


BA2 Dark 


84 


Dark electronic ballad. 


29 


FU4KickA 


121 


Kick funk. 




48 


BAlSlowl 


72 


Country ballad. 


30 


FU2Power 


130 


Rock funk. 




49 


BAlSlow2 


68 


Electric-piano ballad. 


31 


FU4HiTec 


117 


Electro funk. 




50 


BA8 6/8 


70 


6/8 ballad. 


32 


FU8LAFun 


117 


Brassy funk rock. 




51 


BA4Soul2 


90 


Swing beat ballad. 


33 


FU4Brass 


116 


Brass rock funk. 




52 


BA4Funkl 


80 


Funk ballad. 


34 


EU4Eurol 


126 


Euro beat. 




53 


BA4Funk2 


91 


Funk ballad. 


35 


EU4Euro2 


114 


Euro beat. 




54 


BA4NuAge 


80 


New-age ballad. 


36 


EU4Floor 


129 


Balearic beat. 




55 


CR2Lyin 


140 


Light rock shuffle. 


37 


EU4ELPop 


124 


Electronic pop. 




56 


CR4Drops 


130 


Light country rock shuffle. 


38 


EU4House 


120 


Euro house music. 




57 


SA2Salsl 


117 


Salsa. i 


39 


EU2Go 2 


117 


British house reggae. 




58 


SA4Sals2 


120 


Salsa. 


40 


FS4Easy 


92 


Laid-back west coast. 




59 


SA4Sals3 


110 


Salsa. 


41 


FS4SBeat 


96 


Euro swing-beat. 




60 


SA4Bosal 


138 


Bossa-nova. 


42 


FS4Carib 


98 


Carribean electronic. 




61 


SA2Bosa2 


134 


Bossa-nova. 



20 



No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 


62 


ET4Bali 


104 


Ethnic 3/4. 


63 


SW4Jazzl 


160 


Jazz swing. 


64 


SW4Jazz2 


130 


Jazz swing. 


k 


SW2BeBop 


148 


Be-bop. 


SW8Waltz 


132 


Jazz waltz. 


67 


RE8Dropl 


144 


1-drop reggae shuffle. 


68 


RE4Jamca 


145 


1-drop reggae shuffle. 


69 


RP4Brass 


120 


Brassy rock pop. 


70 


RP4Cloth 


132 


Bright rock pop. 


71 


RP4Rinse 


120 


Funky rock pop. 


72 


RP2Royal 


117 


Heavy rock pop. 


73 


HR2Heavy 


120 


Hard rock. 


74 


HR2Mctal 


147 


Hard rock. 


75 


HR4Prock 


111 


Progressive 6/8 rock. 


76 


RR4Fire 


158 


Rock & roll. 


77 


RR4Zero 


200 


Rock & roll. 


78 


RR20ne 


154 


Rock & roll. 


19 


RR2Two 


180 


Rock & roll. 


80 


RR4Three 


132 


Rock & roll. 



No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 


81 


RR4Four 


150 


Rock & roll. 


82 


RS2Bgyl 


144 


Boogie. 


83 


RS2Bgy2 


120 


Rock boogie. 


84 


RS2Steal 


128 


Rock shuffle. 


85 


RS2Heavy 


147 


Heavy metal boogie. 


86 


BL4 Jaml 


120 


8-beat blues. 


87 


BL2 Jam2 


68 


12-beat blues. 


88 


RB4Brass 


125 


Rhythm & blues. 


89 


RB4FGood 


120 


Rhythm & blues. 


90 


RB4Groov 


120 


Rhythm & blues. 


91 


RB4MCity 


108 


Detroit style rhythm & blues. 


92 


G08 Spell 


120 


3/4 gospel. 


93 


CW4Grass 


134 


Blue grass. 


94 


BKlOne 


111 


Break — rhythm & blues. 


95 


BKlTwo 


120 


Break — rhythm & blues. 


96 


BKlThree 


103 


Break — shuffle. 


97 


BKlFour 


100 


Break — pop shuffle. 


98 


BK2Five 


120 


Break — heavy. 


99 


BK2Drums 


100 


Break — drum break. 



21 



1. Press the [PATT] key to go to the pattern mode (Refer- 
ence, page 98). 

2. Select a pattern number between 24 and 99. This can be 
done in two ways: 

1: Use the [+] and [-] keys to increment and decrement 
the pattern number, respectively. Press either key 
briefly to increment or decrement the pattern number 
by one, or hold either key for continuous incrementing 
or decrementing. 

2: Use the numeric and [ENTER] keys. To select pat- 
tern number 35, for example, press [3], [5], and then 
[ENTER]. 




1 *36 LU4rIoor* 



Note: The 3rd character in each pattern name indicates th^ 
number of measures in the pattern. Pattern o 
("EU4Euro2"), for example, is a 4-measure pattern. 

5. Press the sequencer [■] key to stop pattern playback. 



h p -r >- {_ j j & s- i i i.-. ,-, 2 ■* 



3. Press the sequencer [►] key to play the selected pat- 
tern. 

4. You can select a different pattern number while the 
pattern is playing, and the new pattern will begin play- 
back as soon as the current pattern has finished. The 
"P" normally preceding the pattern number will be re- 
placed by an asterisk ( * ) until the new pattern begins 
playing. 



22 



Try Out the Voices 



Advanced PCM tone generator technology gives the 
QY10 a range of 30 vibrant voices and 26 realistic drum 
and percussion sounds. Any of these can be assigned to the 

• The QY10 Voices 



sequencer, chord and bass tracks to give your music the 
"texture" it requires. Here's how you can try out the QY10 

voices. 



No. 


Name 


Description 


V01 


RckPiano 


Solid-sounding rock piano. 


V02 


E. Piano 


Electric piano. 


V03 


Tine Pno 


Electric piano with tine sound. 


V04 


Clavinet 


Funky clavi. 


V05 


RckOrgan 


Rock organ. 


V06 


Organ 


A more orthodox organ sound. 


V07 


HiStrEns 


High string ensemble. 


V08 


LoStrEns 


Low string ensemble. 


V09 


BrassEns 


Brass ensemble. 


V10 


ElecGuit 


Electric guitar. 


Vll 


DistGuit 


Electric guitar with distortion. 


V12 


MuteGuit 


Muted electric guitar. 


V13 


ElecFolk 


Electric steel-string folk guitar. 


V14 


JazzBass 


Electric jazz bass guitar. 


V15 


PickBass 


Hard picked bass guitar. 


V16 


SlapBass 


Punchy slap bass guitar. 



No. 


Name 


Description 


V17 


Syn Bass 


Synthesizer bass. 


V18 


Moogy 


Analog synthesizer type sound. 


V19 


Marimba 


A rich marimba simulation. 


V20 


Vibes 


Vibraphone. 


V21 


Xylophne 


Xylophone with a short decay. 


V22 


SynBraPd 


Synth brass pad. 


V23 


SynStrPd 


Synth string pad with slow attack. 


V24 


SynComp 


A powerful sustained synthesizer sound. 


V25 


BowedBel 


Bowed bell. 


V26 


PercComp 


A percussive synthesizer effect. 


V27 


Trumpet 


A realistic trumpet simulation. 


V28 


Breathy 


Breathy flute-like wind instrument. 


V29 


SynLeadl 


Synthesizer lead 1. 


V30 


SynLead2 


Synthesizer lead 2. 


V31 


Drum Set 


26-voice drum and percussion kit. 



23 



1, From the song or pattern mode press the [MENU] key. 
The following menu should appear on the display. 



r-iJ. " i i i. : ~ 111 1 

L d t- J O b U u I ! ~- ! - ! '-• a 



2. Press the function key corresponding to "Voic" on the 
display (Reference, page 84). 



%. \ i. j !?. i P ■" |. : ; P i 3 n !~! 



3. Press any of the micro-keyboard keys to hear the cur- 
rent voice. 

4. The underline cursor should be positioned below the 
voice number, so you can use the [-] and [+] keys or 
the numeric and [ENTER] keys to select a new voice 
number. 

Note: When you select voice number 31 (Drum Set) each 
key on the micro-keyboard will play a different instru- 
ment. The [▼] and [A] keys can be used to shift down 
or up to two different sets of instruments — corre- 
sponding to the lower and upper markings on the keys, 
as follows: 

24 



Lower Drum Set 

BD1 Bass Drum 1 

BD2 Bass Drum 2 

SD1 Snare Drum 1 

SD2 Snare Drum 2 

TomL . . . .Low Tom-tom 
TomM . . .Medium Tom-tom 
TomH . . .High Tom-tom 

Claps Hand Claps 

Crash Crash Cymbal 

Rim Snare Rim Shot 

Ride Ride Cymbal 

HH-C . . . .Hi-Hat Cymbal Closed 
HH-0 Hi-Hat Cymbal Open 

Upper Drum Set 

BD3 Bass Drum 3 

Cwbl ....Cow Bell 

SD3 Snare Drum 3 

SD4 Snare Drum 4 

CngL Low Conga 

CngH High Conga 

CngM . . .Medium Conga 

AggL Low Agogo Bell 

AggH ....High Agogo Bell 
TmblL . . .Low Timbale 
TmblH . . .High Timbale 

HH2 Hi-Hat Cymbal 2 

Shkr Shaker 



5. When you're finished with the voice mode, press the 
[SONG] key to return to the song mode. 



25 



CREATING AN ACCOMPANIMENT 



The first step in programming any sequence will usu- 2. 

ally be to create an appropriate accompaniment using the 
QY10 BACKING tracks. If you simply want to create an 
accompaniment to play your guitar or other instrument along 
with, this may be all you'll need to do. 

To get you started, let's create a short 6-measure example 3. 

consisting of a 2-measure introduction and a 4-measure 
pattern with a simple I-IIm7-V7-I (C - Dm7 - G7 - C) pro- 
gression. 



Two-measure 
introduction 
(pattern 98). 

I 



4-measure pattern 
(pattern 89). 



1. 



5 

Dm7 G7 



Make sure you're in the song mode (press the [SONG] 
key if you aren't). 



Kt KM ili. U "i- 



■+ 



b i 



Select a song number to record — make sure the cursor 
is located under the song number (SI through S8), th*^ 
use the [-] and [+] keys to select the one you want to 
record. 

Press the sequencer [•] key to activate the record standby 
mode (Reference, page 45). When this is done the song 
number on the display will change to a track number. 



S 91 T 1 2 6 4 ••■'' 4 



t -i 
T: J. 



The track numbers are displayed as follows: 

TRl Sequencer track 1. 

Tr2 Sequencer track 2. 

Tr3 Sequencer track 3. 

TR4 Sequencer track 4. 

BK All backing tracks. 

CI Backing chord 1 track. 

CII Backing chord 2 track. 

BS Backing bass track. 

RT Backing rhythm track. 



<<^ 



26 



4. Use the [-] and [+] keys to select "BK" for all backing 
tracks. 



x 



881 T1Z8 4/4 BK 



Press the sequencer [►] key to activate the step record 
mode (Reference, page 46). The QY10 will now be 
ready to record the chord progression for the accompa- 
niment. 

Current clock 
Current beat (24 per 1/4-note). 

(1 ... 4 in 4/4 time). 




Current measure 



Chord displayed here. 



The first chord in our progression is a C major, so press 
the C key on the micro-keyboard (a "C" will flash on 
the display), and then press the [ENTER] key. You'll 
hear a "click" in the headphones confirming that the C 
chord has been entered, and the display will automati- 
cally advance to the second beat of the first measure. 





Cwbl 
BD2 




SD4 
SD2 




CngW 
TomH 




AggH 
Crash 




TmbH 
Ride 


















































BD3 
BD1 




SD3 

SD1 




CngL 
TomL 




CngH 
TomM 




AggL 

Claps 




TmbIL 
Rim 




f ■> 

HH2 

HH-C 




Shkr 
HH-0 



t 



■ BACKING - 



(C1) (C2) (BASSJ(RHYTHM) 



Press the Ckey. 





y y i - 


™ I ~~ y y ij 


[ENTER] 






8 8 1 - 





7. Now skip ahead to the top of the 5th measure by press- 
ing the sequencer [►►] key four times (the [«] and [►►] 
keys allow you skip backward to the top of the previ- 
ous measure and forward to the top of the next measure 
in the step record mode). 



885- i -80 



27 



8. Enter the Dm7 (D minor-seventh) chord by pressing 
the D key on the micro-keyboard, then the [m7/m9] 
chord key, and finally the [ENTER] key. 





Cwbl 




, ^ 

SD4 






BD2 




SD2 






















BD3 




SD3 




CngL 


BD1 




SD1 




TomL 



CngM 
TomH 



AggH 

Crash 



TmbH 
Ride 



CngH 

TomM 



AggL 
Claps 

s. ., J 


— > 

TmbIL 
Rim 



HH2 
HH-C 



Shkr 
HH-O 



t 



■ BACKING ■ 



(C1) (C2) (BASS) (RHYTHM) 



Press the D key. 





0@5-i-80 


D 




[m7/m9] 










805-1-90 


Dpi 7 




[ENTER 


J 








y y d — ^ ~" y y 


„._ 





9. The underline cursor should be under the beat param- 
eter (if it isn't use the CURSOR [<] and/or [►] keys to 
locate it under the "2" on the display). Press the [+] key 
once to move ahead to the 3rd beat of the 5th measure. 



8SlD-iS-08 -■ 



10. Now enter the G7 (G seventh) chord by pressing the G 
key on the micro-keyboard, the [7/9] key, and then the 
[ENTER] key. 





Cwbl 




SD4 




CngM 




AggH 




TmbH 






BD2 




SD2 




TomH 




Crash 




Ride 






BD3 




SD3 




CngL 




CngH 




AggL 




TmbIL 




r 
HH2 




Shkr 


BD1 




SD1 




TomL 




TomM 




Claps 




Rim 




HH-C 




HH-0 


1 








2 








3 




4 








i 


BACKING ' 



(C1) (C2) (BASS) (RHYTHM) 



t 



Press the G key. 



,<n, 



[7/9] 



S33-O-80 Gf 



28 



[ENTER] 



kj K3 !j ' 



I^Press the sequencer [►►] key to go to the top of the 6th 
and last measure, then enter the final C chord by pressing 
the C key and [ENTER] key. 

That completes the chord progression. If you try to 
play the sequence back at this point however, you'll get 
no sound because we haven't yet assigned appropriate 
backing patterns to our accompaniment — the next 
step. Entering the chords first is a good idea, however, 
since it automatically "creates" (Reference, page 74) 
the appropriate number of measures for the sequence to 
be recorded. 

12. Press the [m] key to go back to the beginning of the 
track, then press the [MENU] key. 






.... _ X 



% 



Note that the cursor is currently under "cho" (chord), 
which is the default BK track step write mode (Refer- 
ence, page 51), and the mode we just used to record out 
chord progression. Now that we want to record the 



necessary patterns, however, we need to press the round, 
yellow function key which points to "pat" (pattern) on 
the display (Reference, page 53). 



881 P- 



Measure number 



Pattern number displayed here. 



13. Enter pattern number 98 (BK2Fivc) via the numeric 
keys by pressing [9], [8], and then [ENTER! . 



[9], [8] 



88! r'98B!<2r iue 



[ENTER] 



tj t! .::. r ■ 



Note that the QY10 automatically advances to measure 
2 after the pattern for measure 1 has been entered. 



29 



14. Pattern 98 is a 2-measure pattern — and we want to use 
the whole pattern — so press the sequencer [►►] once to 
move to measure 3. 



y t! ■ i r - ■ 



from which to begin playback before pressing the [►] key. 
The [■] key will stop playback at any time, leaving the 
measure counter at its current position. Press the [m] key 
to go back to the first measure. 



15. Now enter pattern number 89 (RB4FGood) by pressing 
[8], [9], and then [ENTER]. 



[8], [9] 





y y j 


F89RB4hGood 


[ENTER 


] 


y y 4 


P __ 



16. Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and return 
to the song mode. 

17. Press the sequencer [►] key to hear the accompaniment. 

Note that the measure parameter at the left of the 
display advances as each measure is played. You can 
use the [<*<] and [►►] keys to pick a specific measure 



30 



■ Track Muting 

There are a number of reasons why you might want to 
be able to listen to specific tracks in a sequence. If you are 
a bass player, for example, you might want to turn off 

Ste) the bass track so you can play along with the accom- 
iment on your own bass. You could mute all tracks 
except the rhythm track and use the QY10 as a rhythm 
machine — let's actually try that. 

1. From the song mode display, press the [TRACK/TRANS] 
key once. 



* + * * V 



H 



This is the QY10 track display (Reference, page 
43). The four sequencer tracks have nothing recorded 
on them yet so they appear as asterisks. We have just 
recorded the CHORD 1, CHORD 2, BASS, and RHYTHM 
tracks, so they appear on the display as CI, CH, B and R 
(if they don't, press the sequencer [►►] key once to move 
to a different measure — no data shows at the very 
^beginning of a song). 

2. Press the white micro-keyboard keys with BACKING 
track names (CI), (C2), and (BASS). The correspond- 
ing tracks will be muted, and will appear on the display 
as dashes. 





Cwbl 
BD2 




SD4 
SD2 




CngM 
TomH 




. - 
AggH 

Crash 




TmbH 
Ride 




















































BD3 
BD1 




SD3 

SD1 




CngL 
TomL 




CngH 
TomM 




AggL 

Claps 




-.,.„,„ 

TmbIL 

Rim 




HH2 
HH-C 





Shkr 
HH-0 



• BACKING ■ 



(C1) (C2) (BASS) (RHYTHM) 

t t t 

These three keys. 



3. Now press [►] to play the accompaniment. You should 
hear only the rhythm track. You can return to the song 
mode (by pressing the [SONG] key) and perform other 
operations, and the mute settings will remain in effect. 

4. Press the (CI), (C2), (BASS) keys again to restore 
those tracks to the normal playback mode, then press 
the [SONG] key to return to the song mode. 



3] 



RECORDING THE SEQUENCER TRACKS 



In the previous section we created a short example of 
an accompaniment. In this section we'll record a lead line 
to go along with the accompaniment on one of the QYlO's 



Marimba 



sequencer tracks. 

Here's the lead line: 



& 




¥ 







1. Start by assigning the marimba voice to track 1. From 
the song mode press the [MENU] key and then the 
"Voic" function key to select the voice mode (Reference, 
page 84). If "TrI" is not already showing at the left of 
the display, move the cursor to the track parameter and 
select "TrI" using the [-] and [+] keys. Then, with the 
cursor under the voice number, use the [-] and [+] keys 
to select "V19 Marimba." 



:i U19 Marinba 



32 



£ 



2. 



3. 



^p 



i 



When this is done press the [SONG] key. 

Press the sequencer [•] to activate the record standby 
mode, and make sure the record track parameter (the 
rightmost parameter on the display) is set to "TRl." 



y y i i i z y 






7:1 



Press the [MENU] key and then the "Stp" function key 
to select step record, then press the sequencer [►] key to 
actually enter the step record mode (Reference, page 
46). 



Z! ZJ I ~~ J. — h l ! h J Z> _l 



4. Press the sequencer [►+-] key twice to go to the top of 
A the 3rd measure, then press the [Rest] key twice to 
* write two quarter-note rests and move to the 3rd beat of 
the 3rd measure. 



w H 



- d & 



% 



Now press the following keys in the following sequence. 
The bold measure and beat location numbers are pro- 
vided as a reference so you won't lose your place. It's a 
lot of key-presses, but it won't take long nearly as long 
as it looks. 

003-3-00 

[ J> ] - [Rest] - [Eb3] [ENTER] - [E3] [ENTER] - [F3] 
[ENTER] - [F#3] [ENTER] - [G3] [ENTER] - [Ab3] 
[ENTER] - [A3] [ENTER] - [ J ] 

004-1-00 

[C4] [ENTER] - [C4] [ENTER] - [G3] [ENTER] - [Rest] 



6. 



005-1-00 

[B3] [ENTER] - [Rest] - [A3] [ENTER] - [G3] [ENTER] 

- [B3] [ENTER] - [G3] [ENTER] - [A3] [ENTER] - 
[G3] [ENTER] 

005-3-00 

[B3] [ENTER] - [Rest] - [A3] [ENTER] - [G3] [ENTER] 

- [B3] [ENTER] - [Rest] - [G3] [ENTER] - [F3] [ENTER] 
-[J* 3 

006-1-00 

[E3] [ENTER] - [C3] [ENTER] 

That's it! Now press the sequencer [■] key to stop re- 
cording, then press the [►] key to hear the sequence. 



Note: If you make a mistake while entering the above part, 
use the Clear Track function to clear the entire track, as 
follows, then start again (there are actually more efficient 
ways to do this listed in the Reference section): 

Press [■] to stop recording; press [MENU]; press 
the "Job" function key; press [1] - [0] - [ENTER] to 
select the Clear Track function; use the [-] and [+] 
keys to select TRl if it is not already selected; press 
[ENTER]; press [+/YES] in response to the "Sure?" 
prompt on the display; finally, press [SONG] to return 
to the song mode. 



33 



OTHER IMPORTANT FACTS 



■ Important Facts About the Backing Tracks 

In the "CREATING AN ACCOMPANIMENT" section 
we learned how to record an accompaniment on all four 
backing tracks with the record track parameter set to "BK." 
This is the normal way to proceed and is the simplest and 
fastest way to create accompaniments. You can, however, 
independently record pattern numbers and velocity (volume) 
values on the chord 1 (CI), chord 2 (C2), bass (BS), and 
rhythm (RT) tracks. This capability is provided so that you 
can add fill-ins and variations to the basic accompaniment. 
After recording the basic accompaniment on all backing 
tracks, you can "plug in" the required fill and variation 
patterns or volume changes on the individual backing tracks. 
Details are given under "CBR STEP RECORD" on pages 
54 and 55 of the Reference section. 



■ Creating Original Patterns 

The QYlO's pattern record mode (Reference, page lui 
through 103) can be used to create complete accompani- 
ments or variations and fill-ins to be plugged into accompa- 
niments as described above. 

Here's a simple example of how you can create original 
patterns. 

1. Press the [PATT] key to select the pattern mode. 

2. Select a pattern number between POO and P23 (the user 
patterns). 

3. Press [•] to enter the pattern record standby mode 
(Reference, page 101). 



i i I ? i- j , .::!. .-■■ i 



^ffc 



4. Use the [+] and [-] keys to select the rhythm track 
("RT"). 



34 



5. Press [►] to enter the pattern step record mode (Refer- 
ence, page 101). 



i_|™y0 ' Zl \ 



10. Press [■] to stop recording, then [►] to hear the pat- 
tern. 

Recording the chord 1 and chord 2 parts is just as easy. 
See page 115 of the Reference section for a way to give 
your pattern an original name. 



6. Enter the rhythm part by pressing the following keys: 

[J) ] - [BD1] [ENTER] - [HHC] [ENTER] - [SD1] 
[ENTER] - [BD1] [ENTER] - [BD1] [ENTER] [HHC] 
[ENTER] - [SD1] [ENTER] - [HHC] [ENTER] 

7. Press [■] to stop recording. 

8. Press [►] to hear the pattern you just created. 

9. Want to add a bass line? Press [•] for rec standby, use 
the [+] and [-] keys to select the bass track ("BS"), 
press the [►] key to start recording, then enter the fol- 
lowing (use the [A] and [▼] keys to transpose up or down 
in octave steps): 

%[> 1 - [C2] [ENTER] - [C2] [ENTER] - [E2] [ENTER] 
* - [G2] [ENTER] - [Bb2] [ENTER] - [C2] [ENTER] - 
[E2] [ENTER] - [G2] [ENTER] 



35 



■ Chords and Automatic Harmonization 

The QY10 allows you to specify 20 different chord 
types in all 12 keys for your accompaniments. The QY10 
patterns (preset or user) are all originally in the key of C, 
but arc automatically re-harmonized to fit the specified 
chords. Because of this, the following two simple rules 
should be followed when creating original patterns to en- 
sure optimum re-harmonization when chord changes are 
specified for the pattern in an accompaniment. 

1: Always create original patterns in the key of C. 

2: Use the major 3rd, 5th, and flat 7th degrees (E, G, 
and Bb) for the chord parts, and the root (C) for the 
bass. This actually produces a C7 chord. 

The chords you specify when creating accompaniments 
will determine how the original pattern is re-harmonized. 
Here are some of the most important examples: 

3-note Chords (Triads) 

The flat 7th degree is re-harmonized to the root. 

4-note Chords 

The Hat 7th degree is left as it is, or is re-harmonized 
to the major 7th. If the root is not included in the 
original pattern data it will not be played. 



5-note Chords 

As with 4-note chords, the root will not sound if it 
is not included in the original pattern data. The 5th 
degree will also be omitted from the chord parts, !#" 
will be played by the bass. 

11th Chords 

For a CI 1 chord, for example, the chord-part notes 
will be F (the 11th), Bb (the flat 7th), and D (the 9th). 
The bass will play the 5th degree, so the overall sound 
of the pattern will be that of Bb/C or Gm7/C. 

13th Chords 

For a CI 3 chord, for example, the chord-part notes 
will be E (the 3rd), A (the 13th), and Bb (the flat 7th). 
This produces a true C13 sound. 

Most of the preset patterns are programmed to respond 
to chord changes as described above. In some patterns, 
however, certain notes have been omitted in order to created 
a particular "feel." This means that some patterns may not 
change at all when certain chords are specified. For exam- 
ple, some hard rock patterns sound best when only the ro$ 
and 5th are used — adding the 3rd completely changes t. 
overall feel of the pattern. Such patterns are not capable of 
producing a minor sound even if a minor chord is specified, 
because there is no 3rd degree to be flatted (the minor 



36 



How Much Free Memory Do You Have? 



sound depends on the flatted 3rd degree). Also, patterns 
including the 6th degree sometimes don't sound right when 
used with minor chords, but some presets of this type are 
luded because they are very effective with major chords. 
Here are some examples: 

• Patterns without a 3rd degree do not sound any dif- 
ferent with major, minor, or suspended-4th chords. 

• Patterns without a 5th degree cannot produce aug- 
mented or 7+5 chords. 

• Patterns without a 7th degree cannot produce 7th, 
9th, and other dominant chords. 



The QY10 has enough memory to handle approximately 
6,000 notes (both patterns and songs). You can find out 
about how much memory capacity you have left by pressing 
the [A] and [▼] transpose keys simultaneously. A display 
similar to the following will appear as long as you hold 
both keys. 



f'r99 dr9d = 



s.-i w y 



If the display says "100%" like the example above, 
then nothing has been recorded yet and you have the whole 
memory to work with. A free area of "50%" would mean 
that you've used up about half the available memory. If the 
free area gets dangerously close to "0%", you will have to 
erase some data to make room for the new material. Data 
you want to keep can be transferred to a separate MIDI data 
storage device by using the MIDI BULK DUMP function 
described on page 93. 



<* 



37 



■ Driving External Tone Generators 

When you play back a pattern or a song, the QY10 
outputs the corresponding data in real time via its MIDI 
OUT connector. The QY10 can therefore drive external 
tone generators or a multi-timbre tone generator as long as 
the various "instruments" are set to receive on the appropri- 
ate MIDI channels. The QY10 transmits the sequence data 
on the following channels: 

Sequencer track 1 (TR1) = channel 1 
Sequencer track 2 (TR2) = channel 2 
Sequencer track 3 (TR3) = channel 3 
Sequencer track 4 (TR4) = channel 4 
Chord 1 track (CI) = channel 5 
Chord 2 track (C2) = channel 6 
Bass track (BS) = channel 7 
Rhythm track (RT) = channel 8 



■ Conclusion 

In this short tutorial we've covered only the most basic 
capabilities of the remarkable QY10. If you want to get 
serious about creating music with this unique tool, we rec- 
ommend that you go through the Reference section of tf*^ 
manual while trying out the many features and functions 
described. You'll learn how to program and edit the music 
in much more detail, and will discover a wealth of functions 
that make seemingly complex tasks quick and easy to perform. 

The more you master the QY10, the more it will give 
you in return. 



& 



38 



* 



SONG MODE 



SONG EDIT 



SONG JOBS 



~ » 



REFERENCE SECTION 



The QY10 FUNCTION MAP card accompanying this manual 
provides an easy way to access information about individual 
functions. Find the desired function on the function map, then 
simply refer to the indicated page of the manual. 



VOICE MODE 



UTILITY MODE 



PATTERN MODE 



PATTERN EDIT 



PATTERN JOBS 



^ 




SONG M 



• ]» 



E 



* 



SONG PLAY 42 

Track Mode Display & Track Mute 43 

Transpose 44 

SONG RECORD STANDBY 45 

STEP RECORD 46 

Programming via MIDI 49 

BACKING STEP RECORD 50 

CBR STEP RECORD 54 

REPLACE & OVERDUB RECORD 56 

AUTO CHORD RECORD 57 



SONG PLAY 



881 i 128 4/4 SI 



Measure 



Tempo 



Song Number 
Time Signature 



Access: 

[SONG] or [EXIT] -» [SONG] 

Summary: Allows playback of any of the QYlO's 8 songs 
or the demo song. The display parameters allow selec- 
tion of the measure from which to begin playback, the 
playback tempo, and the song number to be played (or 
recorded). 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Tempo: T030 ... T250 (beats per minute), ***(external 

clock) 
Time Signature: 1/4 ... 8/4, 1/8 ... 16/8, 1/16 ... 16/16 
Song Number: SI ... S8 (S9 is pre-programmed demo 

song) 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys or function keys to 
move the underline cursor to the desired parameter, 
then use the [-] and [+] keys, or the numeric and [EN- 

42 



TER] keys to set as required. 

The time signature parameter can only be accessed^ 
in the one of the record modes. 

Use the sequencer keys to start playback and move 
around within the song: 

[H] ... Return to top of song (measure 1). 

[«**]... Skip backward. Press briefly to skip one measure, 
or hold for continuous scrolling. 

[■] Stop. 

|>] Play from current measure. 

[►►]. . . Skip forward. Press briefly to skip one meas- 
ure, or hold for continuous scrolling. 

Details: Song number 9 actually accesses 3 pre-programmed 
demonstration songs that will give you an idea of some 
of the QYlO's capabilities while letting you try out 
some of the playback features. Instructions on playing 
the demo are given on page 18 in the Tutorial Section. 



^ 



Track Mode Display & Track Mute 



Track 2 



% 



Track 4 



Chord 2 Track 
I Rhythm Track 




Track 3 



Bass Track 
Chord 1 Track 



Track 1 



Access: Press the [TRACK/TRANSPOSE] key while play- 
back is stopped or during playback. 

Summary: The track mode display shows whether or not 
each of the sequencer's 8 tracks contains data and is 
available for playback, and whether tracks are muted or 
not. Track mute can be independently engaged and 
disengaged for each track. 

Procedure: When a track number or character is showing, 

that track contains data and is available for playback. 

Any available track can be muted by pressing the 

^ corresponding track key (the white keys labelled I, 2, 

^ 3, 4, CI, C2, BASS and RHYTHM). When a track is 

muted its number or character is replaced by a dash (-). 

A muted track can be restored to normal playback by 

pressing the corresponding track key again. 



SONG MODE 

If an asterisk ( * ) appears in place of the track number 
or character, the track contains no data and is not available 
for playback. 

Press the [EXIT] key to return to the SONG mode. 

Details: The position of the block cursor, adjusted by the 
CURSOR keys, determines which voice will be played 
via the micro-keyboard (i.e. the voice currently assigned 
to the selected track — see page 84). The position of 
the cursor also determines the MIDI transmit channel 
of the micro-keyboard: channels 1 through 8, from left 
to right. 



43 



Transpose 



i rdHSruSe 



Access: Press the [TRACK/TRANS] key twice from the 
SONG mode or once from the Track Mode Display to 
select the Transpose function: 

Summary: Transposes the overall pitch of the QY10 up or 
down in semitone steps. 

Settings: 

Transpose: -12 ...0 ... +12 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] or numeric and [ENTER] 
keys to set the desired degree of transposition. The [▼] 
and [A] keys can be used to enter "-" or "+" transposi- 
tion, respectively. 

Details: A setting of "-12," for example, transposes down 
by one octave; a setting of "+4" transposes up by a 
major third. 



44 



SONG MODE 



SONG RECORD STANDBY 



M H i !i ■■•' -'! & •••" & '-r. 1 



Measure 



Tempo 



Record Track 
Time Signature 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [•] 

Summary: Allows access of any of the QYlO's record 
modes to record a new song or add new material to an 
existing song. 

The display parameters allow selection of the measure 
from which to begin recording, the tempo at which to 
record, the time signature of a new track to be recorded, 
and the track to be recorded. 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Tempo: T030 ... T250 (beats per minute), ext (external 

f clock) 
Time Signature: 1/4 ... 8/4, 1/8 ... 16/8, 1/16 ... 16/16 
Record Track: TrI ... Tr4, BK (all backing tracks), 
CI (chord 1), CH (chord 2), BS (bass), RT (rhythm) 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys or function keys to 



move the underline cursor to the desired parameter, 
then use the [-] and [+] keys, or the numeric and [EN- 
TER] keys to set as required. 

The time signature parameter can only be accessed 
when nothing has yet been recorded to the currently 
selected song. The time signature numerator and de- 
nominator can be selected separately using the CUR- 
SOR keys. 

You can return to the Song Play mode by pressing 
the [EXIT] key or the sequencer [■] or [•] key. 

Alternate Record Track Selection Method: Press the 
[TRACK/TRANS] key to call the track mode display, 
then use the track keys (the white keys labelled 1, 2, 3, 
4, CI, C2, BASS and RHYTHM) to select the desired 
track for recording. If you press the CI, C2, BASS or 
Rhythm key, all four backing tracks will be selected 
(BK). A single backing track can be selected by first 
pressing the [SHIFT] key (an "£" will appear to the left 
of the display) and then the desired backing track key. 
The selected track will displayed in reverse (white number 
or character on a black background). 

Press the [EXIT] key to return to the record standby 
mode. 



45 



STEP RECORD 



Measure 
Beat 



Event 



M L-i 1 — 



-L-1W •-. : — . 

■ - ■ - -■ d 



Clock 



Step Time 



*-bJ uyy"-; uyy 



Vetoc/iy 
Gate 7/me 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [•] -> Select TRl ... TR4 -> [MENU] 
-> "stp" 

If all backing tracks are selected for step recording 
(BK), refer to "Backing Step Record" on page 50. 

If an individual chord, bass, or rhythm track is 
selected for step recording, refer to "CBR Step Record" 
on page 54. 

The arrows at the right and left of the above dis- 
plays indicate that another display "page" is available 
and can be accessed by moving the cursor past the end 
of the current page in the indicated direction. 

Summary: The step record mode allows a track or a por- 
tion of a track to be recorded note-by-note, with pre- 
46 



cise control over the timing, length, and velocity of 
each note as well as many other musical parameters.^ 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock: 00 ... 23 

Step Time: S01 ... S96 (standard note displays replace 

numbers where applicable — see Step Time Values 

chart, below) 
Event: — (no event), C-2 ... G8, ♦- (note event) 
Gate Time: G01 ... G99 
Velocity: kb (keyboard), V01 ... V127 

Procedure: Press the sequencer [►] key to start recording. 

The easiest way to record is directly via the QY10 
micro-keyboard and numeric keys as described below 
(refer to the labels below the numeric keys). 

It is also possible to use the CURSOR keys to 
move the cursor to the desired parameter, then use the 
[-] and [+] key to set as required. After selecting a step 
time, event, gate time, or velocity value, the [ENTEr" 
key must be pressed to actually enter the selected value 
in the sequence and move ahead to the next step. 



Notes; 

Enter notes directly via the QY10 micro-keyboard. 
The [A] and [T] transpose keys can be used to shift the 
pitch of the entire keyboard up or down in octave steps 
before pressing the [ENTER] key. Repeatedly pressing 
the same note key will shift that note up in octave steps 
without affecting the overall pitch of the keyboard. 
Repeatedly press [SHIFT] and then the same note key 
to shift the note down in octave steps. 

Rests: 

The [1] key enters a rest of duration corresponding 
to the current step time. 

Triplets; 

[SHIFT] + [1] changes the current step time to 2/ 
3rds of its normal value, thereby creating a triplet- 
length note. This function will not work if the current 
step time can not be evenly divided to 2/3rds. 

Ties: 

Pressing the [2] key immediately after entering a 
note extends that note by one step time. 

P ot Not e; 

[SHIFT] + [2] multiplies the current step time by 
1.5, thereby effectively adding a dot to the current note 
length (step time). This function will not work if the 
current step time can not be lengthened by the required 
amount. 



SONG MODE 

Set S te p Time; 

[3], [4], [5], [8], [9], and [0] can be used to directly 
enter the step times indicated by the note symbols be- 
low the keys. If the same key is pressed several times, 
the same step time will be added each time it is pressed. 

Pacfr Delete; 

Press the [6] key to delete the preceding event and 
move the current location back accordingly. 

Delet e; 

[SHIFT] + [6] deletes the current event. 

Ch ord ; 

The [7] key activates the chord entry mode. When 
this is done the step time display will alternately flash 
between "S" and "C" and it is possible to enter several 
different notes on the same step, thus producing a chord. 
Press the [EXIT] key to return to normal step-write 
operation. 

YelocitY (p, mf, f); 

Press [SHIFT] + [3], [SHIFT] + [4], or [SHIFT] + 
[5] to change the velocity value to p (V56), mf (V88), 
or f (V120), respectively. 

Gate Time (staccato, normal, slur): 

Press [SHIFT] + [8], [SHIFT] + [9], or [SHIFT] + 
[0] to change the gate time value to staccato (G50%), 
normal (G80%), or slur (G99%), respectively. 

47 



Meagre Search; 

Use the sequencer [«] and [►►] keys to move 
backward or forward a measure at a time. 

Step Search; 

Use the [SHIFT] key plus the [«] and [►*►] keys to 
move backward or forward a step at a time. 

Stop Recording: 

Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and 
return to the song play mode. 



48 



SONG MODE 



I Programming via MIDI 

An external MIDI keyboard or other MIDI instru- 
ment can be used to program the QY10 in the step- 
record mode. Set the required gate time, step time, and 
^velocity values via the QY10 panel, and then enter 
notes and chords via the keyboard. If the velocity parameter 
is set to "kb" (increment the velocity value past "V 127"), 
the keyboard velocity values will be received and recorded 
as well. While recording via MIDI, the [6] and [SHIFT] 
+ [6] keys can be used to "Back Delete" and "Delete" 
entered events as described above. 

The MIDI receive channel is set to OMNI when 
recording via MIDI, so your keyboard or other instrument 
can be set to transmit on any channel. 



Step time values chart 



Step 
time 
value 


Note 


Step 
time 
value 


Note 


S02 




1/32 triplet 


S24 


j 


1/4 


S03 


£ 


1/32 


S32 


:::■ £ 


1/2 triplet 


S04 


£™ 


1/16 triplet 


S36 


i 
J • 


dotted 1/4 
double dotted 1/4 


S06 


I- 


1/16 


S42 


i 
A ■■ 


S08 


rt 


1/8 triplet 


S48 


J 


1/2 


S09 


i: 


dotted 1/16 


S64 


•=: £ 


whole triplet 


S12 




1/8 


S72 


i 


dotted 1/2 


S16 


j -• 


1/4 triplet 


S84 


i 


double dotted 1/2 


S18 


.j 


dotted 1/8 


S96 


* 


whole note 


S21 


!'.. 


double dotted 1/8 









49 



BACKING STEP RECORD 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -^ [•] -> Select BK 

Summary: The Backing Step Record mode has three sub- 
modes — "cho", "bas", and "pat" — that allow recording 
chord changes to be automatically harmonized for the 
selected backing pattern, a bass offset to modify the 
backing pattern bass line, and backing pattern numbers, 
respectively. 

Procedure: After pressing the sequencer [►] key to begin 
recording, press the [MENU] key and then the function 
key for the "cho", "bas", or "pat" sub-mode ("cho" is 
the default). 



r 



50 



• "cho" — CHORD CHANGES 



jT-j Pi 1 — ■■ — fl ci 



Chord 



Clock 

Beat 
Measure 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock: 01 ... 24 

Chord: Chord root x 20 chord types 

Procedure:Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, 
beat, or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys to 
set. 

Chords can be entered by first selecting the root 
via the micro-keyboard, and then the chord type via the 
numeric keys. Each numeric key has two chord types 
printed on the key — the left type is entered directly by 
pressing the key and right type is entered by pressing 
[SHIFT] plus the key or by pressing the same key 
twice. Once the root and type have been selected, press 
the [ENTER] key to enter the chord and move ahead to 
the next beat. 

Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and 



SONG MODE 

return to the song play mode, or the [MENU] key to 
select a different Backing Step Record sub-mode. 

Details: 

The 20 available chord types are as follows: 

M . , . Major 

ad9 . . Major add 9th 

m . . . . Minor 

ad9 . . Minor add 9th 

7 .... 7th 

9 .... 9th 

m7 . . Minor 7th 

m9 . . Minor 9th 

M7 . . Major 7th 

M9 . . Major 9th 

6 .... 6th 
6.9 ..6th 9th 

sus4 . Suspended 4th 

7 . . . . 7th suspended 4th 
dim . . Diminished 

. . . . Minor 7th minus 5 
aug . . Augmented 
7+5 . . 7th plus 5 
11 ... 11th 
13 ... 13th 



51 



"bas" — BASS OFFSET 



H HI- 1 - Li Li 



Clock 



Bass Offset 



Beat 
Measure 



Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock: 01 ... 24 

Bass Offset: C, C#, D, Eb, E, F, F#, G, Ab, A, Bb, B 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, 
beat, or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] or numeric 
keys to set. 

Enter the desired bass note via the micro-keyboard, 
then press the [ENTER] key to actually enter the note 
and move ahead to the next step. 

Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and 
return to the song play mode, or the [MENU] key to 
select a different Backing Step Record sub-mode. 



Details: When a bass offset note is entered, that note will 
continue to play until the next chord change. If a chord 
change and bass offset are to be entered at the same 
location, enter the chord change first and then the bass 
offset. 



r 



52 



• "pat" — PATTERN NUMBERS 



ft L" : ! 1 



Pattern Name 
Pattern Number 



Measure 



SONG MODE 

job (see page 74) to create a 6/8 measure in the appro- 
priate location prior to entering the 6/8 pattern. 



Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 
Pattern Number: POO ... P99 
Pattern Name: 8 characters 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to move the cursor to 
the pattern number parameter. Use the [-] and [+] or 
numeric keys to select the desired pattern number and 
then press the [ENTER] key to enter the selected pattern 
and move ahead to the next measure. 

Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and 
return to the song play mode, or the [MENU] key to 
select a different Backing Step Record sub-mode. 

Details: Pattern numbers can only be entered at the top of 
each measure. 

% Take care when entering a pattern that has a differ- 
ent time signature to that of the song. If, for example, 
you intend to enter a 6/8 pattern in the middle of a 4/4 
song, it is necessary to use the CREATE MEASURE 



53 



CBR STEP RECORD 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -» [•] -> Select CI, CH, BS, or RT f 

Summary: The CBR Step Record mode has two sub-modes 
— "pat" and "vel" — that allow recording backing 
pattern numbers and velocity values for the selected 
backing track, respectively. 

Procedure: After pressing the sequencer [►] key to begin 
recording, press the [MENU] key and then the function 
key for the "pat" or "vel" sub-mode ("pat" is the default). 



54 



§ "pat" — PATTERN NUMBERS 



SONG MODE 



«ver — VELOCITY 



fi£\ i 



Pattern Name 
Pattern Number 



Measure 



Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 
Pattern Number: POO ... P99 
Pattern Name: 8 characters 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to move the cursor to 
the pattern number parameter. Use the numeric keys to 
select the desired pattern number and then press the 
[ENTER] key to enter the selected pattern and move 
ahead to the next measure. 

Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and 
return to the song play mode, or the [MENU] key to 
select a different CBR Step Record sub-mode. 



M Li ■ 



■fiy 



■■ei : 



Clock 



Velocity 



Beat 

Measure 



Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 
Beat: 1 ... 16 
Clock: 01 ... 24 
Velocity: -99 ... +00 ... +99 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, 
beat, clock, or velocity parameter, then the numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set. A negative velocity value 
can be selected by pressing the transpose [▼] key. The 
transpose [A] key will make the value positive again. 

Press the sequencer [■] key to stop recording and 
return to the song play mode, or the [MENU] key to 
select a different CBR Step Record sub-mode. 



55 



REPLACE & OVERDUB RECORD 



-Ci£ T i 9Q\ 4/4 



v. ", 



Measure 



Tempo 



Record Track 

Time Signature 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [•] -> [MENU] -> "rpl" or "ovr" 

Please note that the "rep" and "ovr" record modes 
are only available for the four sequencer tracks (TrI ... 
TR4). 

Summary: Replace and overdub are both real-time record 
modes in which the music is entered by actually playing 
the QY 10 micro-keyboard or a MIDI instrument connected 
to the QY10 MIDI IN connector in time with the inter- 
nal metronome or previously-recorded tracks. If "rpl" 
(replace) is selected, any previous data on the track 
being recorded will be erased and replaced by the new 
material. If "ovr" (overdub) is selected, previous material 
on that track will be retained and the new material will 
be added to it. 



Settings: 

Measure: 001 ...299 /r 

Tempo: T030 ... T250 (beats per minute), ext (extern^ 

clock) 
Time Signature: 1/4 ... 8/4, 1/8 ... 16/8, 1/16 ... 16/16 
Record Track: TrI ... Tr4, BK (all backing tracks), 

CI (chord 1), CH (chord 2), BS (bass), RT (rhythm) 

Procedure: Press the sequencer |>] key to begin recording. 
Recording will actually begin after a two-measure count- 
down indicated by minus numbers at the left of the 
display. Recording can be started from any measure if 
the desired measure is selected prior to pressing the 
[►]key. 

Record the required material via either the QY10 
micro-keyboard or a MIDI instrument connected to the 
MIDI IN connector. 

When done, press the [■] key to stop recording. 



56 



SONG MODE 



AUTO CHORD RECORD 



■ mw Tiyii dsd. t1 



Measure 



Tempo 



| Record Track 

Time Signature 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [•] -> [MENU] -> "cho" 

Please note that the "cho" record mode is not avail- 
able if one or all of the backing tracks are selected. 

Summary: Auto Chord Record is a real-time record mode 
that allows chords — based on the chords in the back- 
ing tracks — to be automatically recorded on sequencer 
tracks 1, 2, 3, or 4. 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Tempo: T030 ... T250 (beats per minute), ext (external 
clock) 
^| Time Signature: 1/4 ... 8/4, 1/8 ... 16/8, 1/16 ... 16/16 
Record Track: TrI ... Tr4 



Procedure: Press the sequencer [►] key to begin record- 
ing. Recording will actually begin after a two-measure 
count-down indicated by minus numbers at the left of 
the display. Recording can be started from any measure 
if the desired measure is selected prior to pressing the 
[►]key. 

Enter the chords at the required timing via the 
QY10 micro-keyboard. The white keys produce differ- 
ent inversions of the chord. 

When done, press the [■] key to stop recording. 

NOTE: If the backing tracks contain no chords, a C major 
chord will be recorded. 



57 



^r 



SONG EDIT 




CHANGE EDIT 60 

INSERT EDIT 62 

BACKING INSERT EDIT 64 

CBR INSERT EDIT 66 



t 



CHANGE EDIT 



081™: 


.-00 


Co 


_j. 










Event 








Clock 








Beat 






Measure 











r~ ftwiw i \f\Qfi 




Gate Time 



Velocity 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -» [MENU] -> "Edt" 

The arrows at the right and left of the above dis- 
plays indicate that another display "page" is available 
and can be accessed by moving the cursor past the end 
of the current page in the indicated direction. 

Summary: Change edit (chg) allows note, program change, 
pitch bend, and sustain data to be changed or deleted as 
required. 



Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 ^ 

Beat; 1 ... 16 " 

Clock: 00 ...23 

Event: C-2 ... G8, PC, PB, SUS, TOP*, END 

Gate Time: 01 ... 99 

Velocity: 01 ... 128 

* When the TOP event (the beginning of the sequence) 

is showing, the track number also appears as in the 

display shown below: 



Beat 



Measure 



z.i v I - I - w u i J-' r 



T -i 
T: I 



Clock 



Track Number 
TOP (Top of Sequence) 



Procedure: Use the [-**] and [►>] keys to step through the 
events on the selected track. When the event to bfs 
changed is located, use the CURSOR keys to move tht 
cursor to the desired parameter, then use the [-] and [+] 



60 



SONG EDIT 



key to set as required. After changing a value the [EN- 
TER] key must be pressed to actually enter the new 
value. 

Notes and chord roots can be changed via the micro- 
keyboard or the [+] and [-] keys. Chord types can be 
^changed via the chord-entry keys. PC (program change) 
and PB (pitch bend) values can be change via the [+] 
and [-] or numeric keys. SUS (sustain) events can be 
set to ON or OFF via the [+] and [-] keys. 

The selected event can be deleted by pressing the 
[SHIFT] and [6] keys (TOP and END can not be deleted). 

When done, press [EXIT] to return to the song 
mode menu. 

Edit Track Selection; Press the [TRACK/TRANS] key to 
call the track mode display, then use the track keys (the 
white keys labelled 1, 2, 3, 4, CI, C2, BASS and 
RHYTHM) to select the desired track for editing. If 
you press the CI, C2, BASS or Rhythm key, all four 
backing tracks will be selected (BK). A single backing 
track can be selected by first pressing the [SHIFT] key 
(an "S" will appear to the left of the display) and then 
the desired backing track key. The selected track will 
displayed in reverse (white number or character on a 
Fblack background). 

Press the [EXIT] key to return to the edit mode. 



61 



INSERT EDIT 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Edt' ; 



-» [MENU] -> 



ins 



This insert edit mode will be selected if one of the 
four sequencer tracks — TrI ... Tr4 — is selected (see 
"Edit Track Selection" on page 61). 

The second display page is only available when a 
note event is to be inserted. 

Summary: Insert edit (ins) allows note, program change, 
pitch bend, and sustain data to be inserted at any point 
in the sequencer tracks (TRl ... TR4). 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock: 00 ... 23 

Event: C-2 ... G8*, PC.PB, SUS 

* The following are only available when inserting a 

note event: 
Gate Time: 01 ... 99 
Velocity: 01 ... 128 

Procedure: After selecting the insert (ins) edit mode, press 
the [MENU] key and then the "note", "pb", "sus", or 
"pc" function key according to the type of event you 

62 



want to insert. When done editing, press [EXIT] to 
return to the song mode menu or the [MENU] key^ 
select a different type of event for insertion. 

• "note" — NOTE 




Beat 
Measure 



*-- C3 G81 



US88 



Gate Time 



Velocity 



Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the H and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 
to the location at which you want to insert a new note, 
The [-+*] and [»] keys can be used to move backw^ 
or forward a measure at a time. Then use the micro- 
keyboard or the [+] and [-] keys to select the required 
note. After selecting a note the [ENTER] key must be 
pressed to actually insert it into the sequence. 



SONG EDIT 



• "pb" — PITCH BEND 



eyi-i-se pb +0 



* 



Pitch Bend Value 



Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 
to the location at which you want to insert a new pitch 
bend event. The [«] and [►►] keys can be used to move 
backward or forward a measure at a time. Then use the 
numeric or [+] and [-] keys to select the required pitch 
bend value (-63 ... +00 ... +63 — the actual amount of 
pitch shift produced will depend on the setting of the 
! voice-mode PITCH RANGE function). After selecting 
a value the [ENTER] key must be pressed to actually 
insert the pitch bend event into the sequence. 

I • "sus" — SUSTAIN 



yyi-i-88 SU OFF 



Sustain 



Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 



to the location at which you want to insert a new sus- 
tain event. The [«] and [►►] keys can be used to move 
backward or forward a measure at a time. Then use the 
[+] and [-] keys to select SUS ON or SUS OFF. After 
selecting a value the [ENTER] key must be pressed to 
actually insert the sustain event into the sequence. 

• "pc" — PROGRAM CHANGE 



y81-i-60 r'C-SSS 



Program Change Number 

Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 
to the location at which you want to insert a new pro- 
gram change event. The [■**] and [►►] keys can be used 
to move backward or forward a measure at a time. Then 
use the numeric or [+] and [-] keys to select the required 
program change number (000 ... 127). After selecting a 
value the [ENTER] key must be pressed to actually 
insert the program change event into the sequence. 



63 



BACKING INSERT EDIT 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Edt" -> [MENU] -> 
"ins" 

The backing insert edit mode will be selected if all 
of the backing tracks are selected (see "Edit Track 
Selection" on page 61). 

Summary: Backing insert edit (ins) allows chords, bass 
offsets, and pattern numbers to be inserted at any point 
in the backing tracks if all backing tracks are selected 
for editing. 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock: 00 ... 23 

Event: Chord: Chord root x 20 chord types 

Bass offset: C, C#, D, Eb, E, F, F#, G, Ab, A, Bb, B 

Pattern number: 00 ... 99 

Procedure: After selecting the insert edit mode and select- 
ing all backing tracks for editing, press the [MENU] 
key and press the "cho", "bas", or "pat" function key 
according to whether you want to insert chords, bass 
offsets, or pattern numbers. 



When done editing, press [EXIT] to return to the 
song mode menu or the [MENU] key to select a differ- 
ent type of even for insertion. 

• «cho" — CHORD CHANGES 



!■■"! y i — i "~ y y 

i 


? 1 










Chord 






Clock 






Beat 




Measure 









Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat- clock to the 
location at which you want to insert a new chord. The 
[■**] and [►**] keys can be used to move backward or 
forward a measure at a time, or press [SHIFT] and then 
[«] or [»] to move backward or forward by one beat. 

Chords can be entered by first selecting the root 
via the micro-keyboard, and then the chord type via r 
numeric keys. Each numeric key has two chord types 
printed on the key — the left type is entered directly by 
pressing the key and right type is entered by pressing 



64 



[SHIFT] plus the key, or by pressing the same key 
twice. Once the root and type have been selected, press 
the [ENTER] key to enter the chord. 

L"bas" — BASS OFFSET 



SONG EDIT 

pattern number and then press the [ENTER] key to 
enter the selected pattern number. 

Refer to: "BACKING STEP RECORD", page 50. 



Pi : a I — I — Q\ Q q j-~. i": 



Bass Note 

Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 
to the location at which you want to insert a new bass 
offset. The [«] and [►►] keys can be used to move 
backward or forward a measure at a time. 

Enter the desired bass note via the micro-keyboard, 
then press the [ENTER] key to actually enter the note. 



• "pat" — PATTERN NUMBERS 



tJ £> i 






Pattern Number 

Use the [«] and [►►] keys to move to the lop of 
the measure at which you want to insert a new pattern 
number. Use the numeric keys to select the desired 



65 



CBR INSERT EDIT 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] ~> "Edt" -> [MENU] -» 
"ins" 

The CBR insert edit mode will be selected if a 
single backing track — CI, Cn, BS, or RT — is selected 
(see "Edit Track Selection" on page 61). 

Summary: The CBR insert edit mode allows pattern num- 
bers, velocity values, and program change numbers to 
be inserted at any point in the selected track when a 
single backing track — CI, CII, BS, or RT — is selected 
for editing. 

Settings: 

Measure; 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock; 00... 23 

Event: Pattern Number: 00 ... 99 

Velocity Value: -99 ... +0 ... +99 
Program Change Number: 001 ... 121 

Procedure: After selecting the insert edit mode and select- 
ing one backing track for editing, press the [MENU] 
key and press the "pat", "vel", or "pc" function key 
according to whether you want to insert pattern numbers, 
velocity values, or program change numbers. 

66 



When done editing, press [EXIT] to return to the 
song mode menu or the [MENU] key to select a diff/"" 
ent type of even for insertion. 

« pat » — PATTERN NUMBER 



1 - r 



Pattern Number 



Measure 



Use the [«] and [►>] keys to move to the top of 
the measure at which you want to insert a new pattern 
number. Use the numeric keys to select the desired 
pattern number and then press the [ENTER] key to 
enter the selected pattern number. 

• "vel" — VELOCITY 






-00 vel™ +0 

I Velocity 

Clock 



Beat 
Measure 



r 



Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 
to the location at which you want to insert a new veloc- 
ity value. The [«] and [►*•] keys can be used to move 
backward or forward a measure at a time. Move the 
cursor to the velocity parameter and use the [-1 and [+] 
keys or numeric and [ENTER] keys to set. A negative 
velocity value can be selected by pressing the trans- 
pose [▼] key. The transpose [A] key will make the value 
positive again. 



SONG EDIT 



Refer to: "CBR Step Record", page 54. 



t "pc' 



PROGRAM CHANGE 






r ! - ■ 



Program Chaange Number 

Use the CURSOR keys to select the measure, beat, 
or clock parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the measure-beat-clock 
to the location at which you want to insert a new pro- 
gram change number. The [«] and [►►] keys can be 
used to move backward or forward a measure at a time. 
Move the cursor to the program change number and use 
the [-] and [+] keys or numeric and [ENTER] keys to 
set. 



67 



*~ 



SONG JOBS 




1: Mix Track 70 

2: Quantize Measure 72 

3 : Create Measure 74 

4: Copy Measure 75 

5: Insert Measure 77 

6. Delete Measure 78 

7: Erase Measure 79 

8: Transpose 80 

9: Combine Track 81 

10: Clear Track 82 



1: MIX TRACK 



r.-i L . . 



T: i 



+ 



\i 



I Destination track 

Second source track 
First source track 

Access: 

Song Play Mode ^ [MENU] -> "Job" -> [1] -> [ENTER] 
-> [ENTER] 

Summary: Combines the data from two different tracks 
and copies the result to a third track. 

Settings: 

First source track: TRl ... Tr4 
Second source track: TrI ... Tr4 
Destination track: TRl ... Tr4 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to select the first source 
track, the second source track, or the destination track. 
Use the [-] and [+] keys to select the track numbers. 

After selecting the desired source and destination 
tracks, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" will blink on 
the display (any previous data will be overwritten and 
erased when the mix operation is performed). Press [+/ 
YES] to mix or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the opera- 
tion. 

70 



"Executing!" will appear on the display during mix, 
and "Completed!" will appear briefly when the re- 
operation is finished. 

Details: The mixdown function is most useful when you 
want to record more than 4 individual parts on the 
HQlO's four sequencer tracks. Successfully recorded 
parts can be combined using this function, thus opening 
up more tracks for further recording. The data in the 
source tracks is not erased during a mixdown opera- 
tion. 

Please note that if both source tracks arc set to the 
same track number, the data from that track will simply 
be copied to the destination track. Also note that if both 
the specified source tracks arc empty, the "ERR No 
Data!" error message will appear and the mix operation 
will be aborted. 



Source track 1 



k^^-m^i 



Source track 2 



y//////////,w//m^ 



i 



Destination track (mixdown result) 



wm% 



% 



SONG JOBS 



71 



2: QUANTIZE MEASURE 



Q n t- t: 1 M 8 S 1 " 8 S 1 "* 



End Measure 
Star/ measure 



Track 



,-, . . i. i- r.-i I" I" -i 



-j i- -i r- 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -» "Job" -> [2] -» [ENTER] 
-> [ENTER] 

Summary: Aligns notes in the specified measures of the 
specified track to the nearest specified beat. 

Settings: 

Track number: TRl ... TR4 

Start measure: 001 ... 299 

End measure: 000 ... 299 

Resolution: 1/4 note, 1/4 note triplet, 1/8 note, 

1/8 note triplet, 1/16 note, 1/16 note triplet, 

1/32 note, 1/32 note triplet 

Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
track, start measure, end measure, or resolution parameter. 

72 



Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric and [ENTER] 
keys to select the desired track number, measure ran^ 
and resolution. 

After selecting the desired values, press the [EN- 
TER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/ 
YES] to quantize or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the 
operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during 
quantization, and "Completed!" will appear when 
quantization is finished. 

Details: Quantization is generally used to tighten up sloppy 
timing. Use it judiciously, however, because timing 
that is too perfect can sound cold and mechanical — 
unless, of course, you're specifically aiming for a cold, 
mechanical feel. Always use a quantize value that is at 
least as "short" as the shortest notes in the track to be 
quantized. If you quantize a track containing 16th notes 
to 1/8 (8th notes), for example, some of the 16th notes 
will be aligned with 8th note beats, thus ruining the 
track. r 

The various quantize values correspond to note lengths 
as follows: 



• Quantize/note correspondences 



QUANTIZE 
VALUE 


BEAT 


QUANTIZE 
VALUE 


BEAT 


1/4 


j 


1/16 


J> 


1/6 


T 


1/24 


r 3 n 


1/8 


ji 


1/32 


} 


1/12 


T 


1/48 


r3"! 



One measure of 8th notes before quantization. 



; l y^ m ^ 



After quantization. 



I 



.WPPPPtP, 



SONG JOBS 



73 



3: CREATE MEASURE 



, r ■ f L- 






Number of measures 
Time signature 
Start measure 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] ~* "Job" -» [3] -> [ENTER] 
-» [ENTER] 

Summary: Creates the specified number of blank (rest) 
measures on all tracks starting at the specified measure 
number. The time signature of the created measures 
can also be specified. 



Settings: 

Start measure: 001 ... 299 
Time signature: 1 ... 8/4, 1 
Number of measures: xOl .. 



.. 16/8, 1 
x99 



.. 16/16 



Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selected 
parameter. 

After selecting the desired start measure, time sig- 
nature, and number of measures, press the [ENTER] 



key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/YES] 
to create the specified measures or [-/NO] or [EXIT]^ 
cancel the operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during 
creation, and "Completed!" will appear when the create 
operation is finished. 

Details: the last specified pattern and chord will continue 
to play through created measures. 



Ac 



Su 



74 



SONG JOBS 



4: COPY MEASURE 



!„. I-* '=:i T: i i ! ! EJ U I ~ U tJ J. ' 



| Source end measure 

Source start measure 
Source track 



■ p ...i t- 



T: i I'lUeil"-" 



, !-• :::! 



Destination measure 
Destination track 



01 tine 



Number of copies 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Job" -> [4] -> [ENTER] 
-» [ENTER] 

Summary: Copies a specified measure or range of measures 
from one track to the specified measure in another 
track. 



Swings: 

Source track: TrI ... Tr4, BK 
Source start measure: 001 ... 299 
Source end measure: 001 ... 299 



Destination track: TrI ... Tr4 
Destination measure: 001 ... 299 
Number of copies: 01 ... 99 

Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selected 
parameter. 

After selecting the desired source track, source measure 
range, destination track, destination measure range, and 
number of copies, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" will 
blink on the display (any previous data will be overwritten 
and erased when the copy operation is performed). Press 
[+/YES] to copy or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the 
operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during copy, 
and "Completed!" will appear when the copy operation 
is finished. 

Details: A copy operation overwrites the data from the 
beginning of the specified destination measure with the 
data from the source measure(s). Previous data in the 
overwritten measures is therefore lost. 

If the specified source measure range is only partly 
filled with data, only the existing data will be copied. 



75 



If no data exists in the specified source measure 
range, the "Data Empty!" error message will appear 
and the copy operation will be aborted. 

If the data in the destination track ends before the 
specified destination measure, the measures between 
the end of the existing data and the specified destina- 
tion measure will automatically be filled with rests. 



fi~ 





Cpy w nsso-sss* 










Cpy * > \Z MS06* 










C P y *" S 1 t- 1 F'"i 9 s 




• TRACK 


1 




1 


2 


#&■:£ 


i -4;: :j 


Wm 


6 


7 


8 


9 


• TRACK 2 ^ S>> ^ S> ^N^ X ^ 


1 


2 


3 


4 | 5 | 3: 


wm 


mm 


9 


\ 

• TRACK 2 (Result with new measure numbers.) 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 



r- 



lb 



SONG JOBS 



5: INSERT MEASURE 



i r i '-■ !' i Kf U J. ~" w *i ! I .-■' •-' w I 



I Destination measure 

j Source end measure 

Source start measure 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Job" -> [5] -» [ENTER] 
-> [ENTER] 

Summary: Inserts a specified measure or range of meas- 
ures from all tracks before any other specified measure. 

Settings: 

Source start measure: 001 ... 299 
Source end measure: 001 ... 299 
Destination measure: 001 ... 299 

Procedure: Use the [<\ and [>] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selected 

1^ parameter. 

^f After selecting the desired source measure range 

and destination measure, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" 
will blink on the display. Press [+/YES] to insert or [-/ 
NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during in- 



sert, and "Completed!" will appear when the insert 
operation is finished. 

Details: Insert affects all tracks simultaneously. The source 
measure or range of measures is inserted before the 
existing data beginning at the specified destination measure. 

If the specified source measure range is only partly 
filled with data, the empty measures will automatically 
be filled with rests. 

If no data exists in the specified source measure 
range, the "Data Empty!" error message will appear 
and the insert operation will be aborted. 

If the existing data ends before the specified desti- 
nation measure, the measures between the end of the 
existing data and the specified destination measure will 
automatically be filled with rests. 

Insert M 002 — 004 -> 006 

1 iiiiiiiiiiiii s 



Measure 6 moved up; measures 


2, 3 and 4 inserted. 




1 


2 


3 | 4 | 5 


lill 


*:]u:\ 6 


1 

Result with new measure numbers. 


1 


2 


3 


4 | 5 


6 


7 


8 


9 



77 



6: DELETE MEASURE 






MSSI-SSi 



End measure 
Start measure 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -» [MENU] -> "Job" -> [6] -> [ENTER] 
-> [ENTER] 

Summary: Deletes the specified measure or range of measures 
from all tracks. 

Settings: 

Start measure: 001 ... 299 
End measure: 001 ... 299 

Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the se- 
lected parameter. 

After selecting the desired start and end measures, 
press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. 
Press [+/YES] to delete or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel 
the operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during de- 
lete, and "Completed!" will appear when the delete 

7Q operation is finished. 



Details: It's important to remember that a delete operation 
affects all tracks simultaneously, and that measure 
following the deleted range are moved back to take thv 
place of the deleted measures. This differentiates the 
delete job from the erase job (described next), which 
replaces data in the specified range with rests. 

If no data exists in the specified measure range, the 
"Data Empty!" error message will appear and the delete 
operation will be aborted. 

Delete M004 — 006 



1 2 


3 |||||||||!|:i:g|i 


7 


8 


9 


Measure 4 


through 6 deleted. 








1 | 2 


i .. .. -| , — 

3 ii 


7 


8 


9 


I 










1 | 2 


| 3 4 5 6 





Subsequent measures moved back. 



SONG JOBS 



7: ERASE MEASURE 



hrs \i rise i -6S i 



| End measure 

Start measure 



Track 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Job" -> [7] -> [ENTER] 
^ [ENTER] 

Summary: Erases all note and event data from the speci- 
fied measure or range of measures in the specified 
track. 

Settings: 

Track: TrI ... Tr4, BK (all backing tracks), CI (chord 

1), Cn (chord 2), BS (bass), RT (rhythm) 
Start measure: 001 ... 299 
End measure: 001 ... 299 

Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric 

?f and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selected 
parameter. 

After selecting the desired track, start measure, 
and end measure, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" will 
blink on the display. Press [+/YES] lo erase or [-/NO] 



or [EXIT] to cancel the operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during erase, 
and "Completed!" will appear when the erase operation 
is finished. 

Details: An erase operation leaves the specified measures 
intact but blank. 

If no data exists in the specified measure range, the 
"Data Empty!" error message will appear and the erase 
operation will be aborted. 





r~._ _ t -t 
CI r ' ^ T: J. 


M864- 


™ u y o 




• TRACK 1 








ill! 


w$& 


liltltii 


i'llll 


llil; 


llil 


'Up. 


SI 


• TRACK 1 T T T 


II; ill 


llll 


llil 


4 


5 


6 


llll 


: imm 


IIS 



Measures 4 — 6 
"blank," containing 
only rests. 



79 



8: TRANSPOSE 



Trs \i neei-eei* 



End measure 
Start measure 



Track 



Trs ^MSUi-Syi +0 



Shift value 

Access: 

Song play mode -> [MENU] -> "Job" -> [8] -> [ENTER] 
-» [ENTER] 

Summary: Shifts the pitch of notes in the specified meas- 
ures of the specified track up or down by a maximum 
of one octave, in semitone increments. 

Settings: 

Track: TRl ... Tr4 
Start measure: 001 ... 299 
End measure: 001 ... 299 
Shift value: -12 ... +00 ... +12 



Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or ny*- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the sc 
lected parameter. 

The octave keys [▼] [A] are used to enter the +/- 
sign. 

After selecting the desired track, measure range, 
and shift value, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" will 
blink on the display. Press [+/YES] to execute the note 
shift operation or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during note 
shift, and "Completed!" will appear when the note shift 
operation is finished. 

Details: The ability to selectively shift the pitch of specified 
measures and tracks makes it simple to create "modula- 
tions" without having to reprogram entire passages, 
and to create simple harmonies. 

If no data exists in the specified measure range, the 
"Data Empty!" error message will appear and the erase 
operation will be aborted. r- 



80 



SONG JOBS 



9: COMBINE TRACK 



% 



Cnb tn=*l nt=*I* 



I Note data source track 

Time data source track 



_ 


. i. 




. . - _ 


_ T -i 


T -i 


L.-I 


'ins 






- T: 1 


•■■ T: I 














Destim 



Access: 

Song Play Mode • 
-> [ENTER] 



Ve/oc/iy date source track 



[MENU] -> "Job" -» [9] -> [ENTER] 



Summary: Combines the time, note, and velocity data from 
different tracks and places the result on a specified 
track. 

Settings: 

Time data source track: TrI ... Tr4 
Note data source track: TRl ... Tr4 
Velocity data source track: TrI ... Tr4 
'Destination track: TRl ... Tr4 

Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
source and destination tracks. Use the [-] and [+] keys 
to select the track numbers. 



After selecting the desired source and destination 
tracks, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" will appear on 
the upper line of the display. Press the [+/YES] to copy 
or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during copy, 
and ''Completed!" will appear when the copy operation 
is finished. 

Details: The ability to isolate and combine these types of 
data makes it possible to create new tracks with a minimum 
amount of programming. You could, for example, com- 
bine note data from a harmony track with the timing 
data from a melody track, thus producing a harmony 
track with timing that is perfectly matched to the melody 
track. 



81 



10: CLEAR TRACK 



C I r 



X.1 



Track 



Details: If the specified track contains no data, the "No 
Data" error message will appear and the clear operatpn 
will be aborted. 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Job" -» [1] -» [0] -> 
[ENTER] -> [ENTER] 

Summary: Deletes all data from the specified track. 

Settings: 

Track: TrI ... Tr4, BK (all backing tracks), CI (chord 
1), CH (chord 2), BS (bass), RT (rhythm), all 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] keys to select the desired 
track. 

After selecting the desired track, press the [EN- 
TER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/ 
YES] to execute the clear track operation or [-/NO] or 
[EXIT] to cancel. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during clear, 
and "Completed!" will appear when the clear track 
operation is finished. 



82 



VOICE MODE 



VOICE ASSIGN 84 

VOLUME 85 

PITCH BEND RANGE 86 

OUTPUT ASSIGN 87 




VOICE ASSIGN 



T -i 

T: I 



i i -j ■i 



T. !_■ !•:. r i -zi r : u 



r \ 



Voice Number 



Voice Name 



Track 

Access: 

Song Play Mode 



[MENU] -^ "Voic' 



Settings: 

Track: TrI ... Tr4, CI (chord 1), CI (chord 2), BS (bass), 

RT (rhythm) 
Voice Number: V01 ... V32 
Voice Name: Max. 8-character voice name 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to locate the cursor 
under the track or voice number parameter, then use the 
[+] and [-] keys to set as required. The numeric and 
[ENTER] keys can also be used to enter the voice 
number. 

Details: The selected voice can be monitored by playing 
the micro-keyboard. 



r- 



84 



VOICE MODE 



VOLUME 



V. 1 i !.-.!> ! r.-. .=. ~ Q '3 



Volume 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -^ "Voic" -» [MENU] -> 
"vol" 

Summary: Adjusts the volume of the selected voice. 

Settings: 

Volume: ... 99 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] or numeric and [ENTER] 
keys to select the desired volume level. 

Details: A setting of "0" produces no sound while a setting 
of "99" produces maximum volume. 

The ability to independently adjust the volume of 
each voice makes it simple to set up the optimum balance 
or "mix" between parts. 



* 



85 



PITCH BEND RANGE 



U FB r-r;9 = 32 r \ 



Pitch Bend Range 

Access : 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -» "Voic" -» [MENU] -> 

"pb" 
Summary: Sets the available pitch bend range. 

Settings: 

Pitch Bend Range: ... 12 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] or numeric and [ENTER] 
keys to select the desired pitch bend range. 

Details: Each increment from "0" to "12" represents a 
semitone. A setting of "0" produces no pitch bend. A 
setting of "12" allows a maximum pitch bend of plus or 
minus one octave, while a setting of "4" allows a maximum 
pitch bend of plus or minus a major third. 



r> 



86 



VOICE MODE 



OUTPUT ASSIGN 



% 



%. i f\ i 1 1 ™ ■- .=, ,-, i 



r"i t, e r"' 



Output 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -» "Voic" -» [MENU] -> 
"out" 

Summary: Assigns the currently selected voice to the left, 
right, or both (center) output channels. 

Settings: 

Output: left, center, right 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] keys to select the desired 
output assign setting. 

Details: Interesting stereo effects can be produced by plac- 
ing the output from different voices at different locations 
in the stereo sound field. 



87 



jf* 



UTILITY MODE 



SYNC SELECT 90 

MIDI CONTROL 91 

MIDI DEVICE NUMBER 92 

MIDI BULK DUMP 93 

METRONOME 94 

STORE VOICE 95 




SYNC SELECT 



d y r ! '_• 



- int 



^ 



Sync Mode 

A.CCCSS! 

Song Play Mode -» [MENU] -> "Utl" -> "MIDI" -> 
"Syc" 

Summary: Determines whether the QY10 sequencer tim- 
ing is synchronized by its own internal clock or an 
external MIDI clock. 

Settings: 

Sync Mode: int, ext 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] keys to select the desired 
sync setting. 

Details: "int" is the normal setting when the QY10 is being 
used alone. If you are using the QY10 with an external 
sequencer, MIDI computer, or other MIDI device, and 

you want the QY10 to be synchronized to the external r 

device, set this function to ext. In the latter case, the 
external device must be connected to the QY10 MIDI 
IN connector, and must be transmitting an appropriate 
MIDI clock signal. 

90 



r 



UTILITY MODE 



MIDI CONTROL 



1 



MIDI Control 1 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -» [MENU] -» "Utl" -> "MIDI" -> 
"Cnt" 

Summary: Turns the sequencer MIDI control functions on 
or off. 

Settings: 

MIDI Control: on, off 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] keys to select the desired 
MIDI Control setting. 

Details: When this parameter is turned "off," the following 
MIDI functions are de-activated: 

1. Transmission and reception of MIDI start, stop and 
continue messages. 

2. MIDI clock transmission. 

MIDI control can be turned "off" to prevent un- 
wanted interference from external MIDI devices con- 
nected to the QY10, and/or to prevent the QY10 sequencer 
from affecting operation of the external equipment. 



91 



MIDI DEVICE NUMBER 



L-' '=■ '■■•' I C 9 N O ii — O t " f " 



*r* 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -» [MENU] -> "Utl" -> "MIDI" -> 
"Dvc" 

Summary: Sets the QY10 MIDI device number — i.e. the 
MIDI channel on which all system exclusive data will 
be received and transmitted. 

Settings: 

Device No: off,l ... 16, all 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] or numeric and [ENTER] 
keys to select the desired device number setting. 

Details: The device number is important for transfer of 
system exclusive data between the QY10 and other 
Yamaha MIDI devices — e.g. another QY10 or other 
sequencer. System exclusive data is transmitted and 

received on the channel specified by the device number ^ 

(see the MIDI BULK DUMP functions, described below) . 
Make sure that the QY10 device number is matched to 
that of other devices in your system with which such 
data transfers will take place. 

92 



UTILITY MODE 



MIDI BULK DUMP 



% 



£ r"i 9 I O U t- 



Song Number 



Access: 

Song Play Mode 
"QY" or "Nsq" 



-h> [MENU] -> "Utl" -» "Blk" -» 



Summary: Initiates MIDI bulk transmission of song data. 



Settings: 

Song Number: songl 
QY dump only) 



song8, all ("all" available in 



Procedure: After selecting the QY or Nsq dump format, 
use the [+] and [-] keys or numeric and [ENTER] to 
select the song number to be dumped, or "all" to dump 
all songs when the QY dump is selected. Press [EN- 
TER] and "Sure?" will appear to the right of the display. 
Press [+/YES] to dump or [-/NO] to cancel. "Transmitting" 
will appear during transmission, and "Completed!" will 

^appear briefly when the transmission has finished. 

Details: The QY dump format is a special format used only 
by the QY10, and should be selected when dumping 
data to another QY10 or a MIDI data recorder. When 



the QY format is selected, all data in the sequencer and 
backing tracks of the selected song is dumped. When 
"all" is selected, all sequencer, backing, and pattern 
data is dumped. The Nsq (N-SEQ) dump allows QY10 
data to be dumped to other Yamaha products that are 
compatible with the N-SEQ bulk dump format. The N- 
SEQ format dumps only the data from the sequencer 
tracks — the backing tracks are not dumped. 

The BULK DUMP function will not work if the 
QY10 MIDI device number is set to "off." 

Another way to externally store QY10 sequencer 
and backing track data is to simply record the MIDI 
output from the QY10 on a sequencer (record tracks 1 
through 8) while the song is playing. 



93 



METRONOME 



M e i r o ri o r-'i e = r e c o r- d 



^ 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Utl" -> "Mtr" 

Summary: Determines when the sequencer's metronome 
click sounds. 

Settings: 

Metronome: always, play, record, off 

Procedure: Use the [-] and [+] or numeric and [ENTER] 
keys to select the desired metronome setting. 

Details: The "off" setting means that the metronome never 
sounds. This setting is useful for recording free-tempo 
passages. The "record" setting causes the metronome 
to sound only during recording, the "play" setting causes 
the metronome to sound during playback and recording, 
and the "always" setting causes the metronome to sound 
all the time — even when the sequencer is not running. 



94 



UTILITY MODE 



STORE VOICE 



Access: 

a Song Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Utl" -> "Str" 

Summary: Stores the voice assignments (including vol- 
ume, pitch bend range, and pan settings) for the current 
song. 

Settings: 

None. 

Procedure: The store function is executed as soon as the 
"Str" item is selected from the menu display. After the 
data is stored, the QY10 automatically returns to the 
song or pattern mode. 

Details: If you change voice assignments or other voice 
settings for a song and then select a different song, the 
new settings will be lost unless the Store Voice func- 
tion is executed first. 



* 



95 



r- 



r 



PATTERN MODE 



PATTERN PLAYBACK 98 

PATTERN RECORD STANDBY 101 

STEP RECORD 102 

OVERDUB RECORD 103 




PATTERN PLAYBACK 



Measure 




Chord 



Access: 

Song Play Mode -> [PATT] 

Summary: Allows playback of any of the QY 10's 99 patterns. 

Settings: 

Measure: 1 ... 8 
Pattern Number: 00 ... 99 
Pattern Name: 8 characters 
Chord: Chord root x 20 chord types 
Tempo: T030 ... T250 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys or function keys to 
move the underline cursor to the desired parameter, 
then use the [-] and [+] keys, or the numeric and [EN- 



TER] keys to set as required. 

Press the sequencer [►] key to start playback, ar l 
the sequencer [■] key to stop playback. 

The micro-keyboard and chord type keys can be 
used to change the chord of the pattern: enter the chord 
root and type, then press the [ENTER] key. 

Tracks can be muted or activated in the same way 
as in the song playback mode (see "Track Mode Display 
& Track Mute" on page 43). The transpose function 
described on page 44 can also be used to change the 
pitch of pattern playback. 

Details: Pattern numbers 00 through 23 are "user" patterns 
that you can create yourself using the "Pattern Record" 
function described next. Patterns 24 through 99 are 
preset patterns, listed below: 



98 



t Preset Pattern List 



PATTERN MODE 



No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 


24 


FU4Buzz 


126 


Up-tempo dance. 


% 


FU4Jammy 


102 


Heavy pop funk. 


FU4LAPop 


106 


Pop funk. 


27 


FU4Slam 


120 


Heavy dance funk. 


28 


FU4NYPop 


121 


R&B funk. 


29 


FU4KickA 


121 


Kick funk. 


30 


FU2Power 


130 


Rock funk. 


31 


FU4HiTec 


117 


Electro funk. 


32 


FU8LAFun 


117 


Brassy funk rock. 


33 


FU4Brass 


116 


Brass rock funk. 


34 


EU4Eurol 


126 


Euro beat. 


35 


EU4Euro2 


114 


Euro beat. 


36 


EU4Floor 


129 


Balearic beat. 


37 


EU4ELPop 


124 


Electronic pop. 


38 


EU4House 


120 


Euro house music. 


39 


EU2Go 2 


117 


British house reggae. 


40 


FS4Easy 


92 


Laid-back west coast. 


41 


FS4SBeat 


96 


Euro swing-beat. 


42 


FS4Carib 


98 


Carribean electronic. 


43 


FS4NYFun 


100 


New York 90' s funk. 


44 


FS4Strut 


94 


90's funk. 


45 


FS4Funq 


102 


West coast 90's funk. 


* 


FS4 Hip 


93 


Heavy funk. 


BA2 Dark 


84 


Dark electronic ballad. 


48 


BAlSlowl 


72 


Country ballad. 


49 


BAlSlow2 


68 


Electric-piano ballad. 



No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 


50 


BA8 6/8 


70 


6/8 ballad. 


51 


BA4Soul2 


90 


Swing beat ballad. 


52 


BA4Funkl 


80 


Funk ballad. 


53 


BA4Funk2 


91 


Funk ballad. 


54 


BA4NuAge 


80 


New-age ballad. 


55 


CR2Lyin 


140 


Light rock shuffle. 


56 


CR4Drops 


130 


Light country rock shuffle. 


57 


SA2Salsl 


117 


Salsa. 


58 


SA4Sals2 


120 


Salsa. 


59 


SA4Sals3 


110 


Salsa. 


60 


SA4Bosal 


138 


Bossa-nova. 


61 


SA2Bosa2 


134 


Bossa-nova. 


62 


ET4Bali 


104 


Ethnic 3/4. 


63 


SW4Jazzl 


160 


Jazz swing. 


64 


SW4Jazz2 


130 


Jazz swing. 


65 


SW2BeBop 


148 


Be-bop. 


66 


SW8Waltz 


132 


Jazz waltz. 


67 


RE8Dropl 


144 


1 -drop reggae shuffle. 


68 


RE4Jamca 


145 


1-drop reggae shuffle, 


69 


RP4Brass 


120 


Brassy rock pop. 


70 


RP4Cloth 


132 


Bright rock pop. 


71 


RP4Rinse 


120 


Funky rock pop. 


72 


RP2Royal 


117 


Heavy rock pop. 


73 


HR2Heavy 


120 


Hard rock. 


74 


HR2Mctal 


147 


Hard rock. 


75 


HR4Prock 


111 


Progressive 6/8 rock. 



99 



No. 


Name 


Tempo 


Description 


76 


RR4Fire 


158 


Rock & roll. 


77 


RR4Zero 


200 


Rock & roll. 


78 


RR20ne 


154 


Rock & roll. 


79 


RR2Two 


180 


Rock & roll. 


80 


RR4Three 


132 


Rock & roll. 


81 


RR4Four 


150 


Rock & roll. 


82 


RS2Bgyl 


144 


Boogie. 


83 


RS2Bgy2 


120 


Rock boogie. 


84 


RS2Steal 


128 


Rock shuffle. 


85 


RS2Heavy 


147 


Heavy metal boogie. 


86 


BL4 Jaml 


120 


8-beat blues. 


87 


BL2 Jam2 


68 


12-beat blues. 


88 


RB4Brass 


125 


Rhythm & blues. 


89 


RB4FGood 


120 


Rhythm & blues. 


90 


RB4Groov 


120 


Rhythm & blues. 


91 


RB4MCity 


108 


Detroit style rhythm & blues. 


92 


G08Spell 


120 


3/4 gospel. 


93 


CW4Grass 


134 


Blue grass. 


94 


BKlOne 


111 


Break — rhythm & blues. 


95 


BKlTwo 


120 


Break — rhythm & blues. 


96 


BKlThree 


103 


Break — shuffle. 


97 


BKlFour 


100 


Break — pop shuffle. 


98 


BK2Five 


120 


Break — heavy. 


99 


BK2Drums 


100 


Break — drum break. 



r* 



r ■ 



100 



PATTERN MODE 



PATTERN RECORD STANDBY 



Current Measure 
I Tempo 



•i "P -f •-> i- .-t .■ A i~' T _+ 



Record Track 
Time Signature 



*r i i '?fi .i .-••£ r T i hie 

l 4. f™ %»• I * I •—■J. J. I ■ _• 



Number of Measures 

Access: 

Song Play Mode -» [PATT] -» [•] 

Summary: Allows the step or overdub record mode to be 
used to record a new pattern or add new material to an 
existing pattern. 

The display parameters allow selection of the measure 
from which to begin recording, the tempo at which to 
record, the time signature of a new track to be recorded, 
the track to be recorded, and the total number of meas- 

^ ures to be recorded. 

Settings: 

Current Measure: 1 ... 8 

Tempo: T030 ... T250, *** (external clock). 



Time Signature: 1/4 ... 8/4, 1/8 ... 16/8, 1/16 ... 16/16. 
Record Track: CI (chord 1), Cn (chord 2), BS (bass), 

RT (rhythm) 
Number of Measures: 1 ... 8 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys or function keys to 
move the underline cursor to the desired parameter, 
then use the [-] and [+] keys, or the numeric and [EN- 
TER] keys to set as required. 

The time signature parameter can only be accessed 
in one of the record modes when nothing has yet been 
recorded to the currently selected pattern. Further, the 
time signature numerator and denominator can be selected 
separately using the CURSOR keys. 

You can return to the pattern mode by pressing 
either the [EXIT] key or the sequencer [■] key. 

Alternate Record Track Selection Method: Press the 
[TRACK/TRANS] key to call the track mode display, 
then use the track keys (the white keys labelled CI, C2, 
BASS and RHYTHM) to select the desired track for 
recording. The selected track will displayed in reverse 
(white number or character on a black background). 

Press the [EXIT] key to return to the pattern record 
standby mode. 

101 



STEP RECORD 



Measure 
Beat 



Event 



■1-88 Sj 



Procedure: The pattern step recording procedure is the 
same as the song step record procedure described 9** 
page 46. A maximum of 8 measures can be recorded. 



Clock 



Step Time 









Velocity 
Gate Time 

Access: 

Pattern Record Standby -» [MENU] -> "stp" 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 299 

Beat: 1 ... 16 

Clock: 00 ... 23 

Step Time: SOI ... S96 (standard note displays replace 

numbers where applicable — see Step Time Values 

chart, below) 
Event: — (no event), C-2 ... G8, Instrument names 

when recording the RT track. 
Gate Time: C01 ... G99 
Velocity: kb (keyboard), V01 ... V127 

102 



r< 



PATTERN MODE 



OVERDUB RECORD 




Record Track 
Time Signature 



Measure 



Access: 

Pattern Record Standby -» [MENU] -» "ovr" 

Settings: 

Measure: 001 ... 008 (max. is last measure in sequence). 
Tempo: T030 ... T250 (beats per minute), ext (external 

clock). 
Time Signature: 1/4 ... 8/4, 1/8 ... 16/8, 1/16 ... 16/16. 
Record Track: CI (chord 1), CH (chord 2), BS (bass), 
RT (rhythm) 

Procedure: The pattern overdub record procedure is the 
same as the song overdub record procedure described 
on page 56. 



103 



/•^ 



PATTERN EDIT 




CHANGE EDIT 106 

INSERT EDIT 107 




CHANGE EDIT 



Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENU] -» "Edt" -» [MENU] -> /^ 

"chg" 

Procedure: The pattern change edit procedure is essen- 
tially the same as the song change edit procedure de- 
scribed on page 60. 



/ 



106 



PATTERN EDIT 



INSERT EDIT 



Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENU] -» "Edt" -> [MENU] -» 
"ins" 

Procedure: The pattern insert edit procedure is essentially 
the same as the song insert edit procedure described on 
page 62. The only difference is that program change 
data can not be entered in the pattern insert edit mode. 



107 



<e*^ 



r 



f 



PATTERN JOBS 



1 : Quantize Parts 110 

2: Copy Parts Ill 

3: Transpose 112 

4: Get Parts 113 

5: Put Parts 114 

6: Pattern Name 115 

7: Clear Parts 116 



1: QUANTIZE PARTS 




Resolution 
Track 
Pattern Number 

Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENU] -> "Job" -> [1] -> 

[ENTER] 

Summary: Aligns notes on the specified track to the near- 
est specified beat. 

Settings: 

Pattern number: 00 ... 23 

Track: CI, CH, BS, RT 

Resolution: 1/4 note, 1/4 note triplet, 1/8 note, 

1/8 note triplet, 1/16 note, 1/16 note triplet, 

1/32 note, 1/32 note triplet 

Procedure: Use the [**] and [>] cursor keys to select the 
pattern number, track, or resolution parameter. Use the 
[-] and [+] keys, or numeric and [ENTER] keys to set 
as required. 

After selecting the desired values, press the [ENTER] 
key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/YES] 



to quantize or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the opera- 
tion. ^ 
"Executing!" will appear on the display dun ^ 
quantization, and "Completed!" will appear when 
quantization is finished. 

Refer to: "2: Quantize Measure" on page 72. 



110 



PATTERN JOBS 



2: COPY PARTS 



!„• I"' '=! 



~i .":■ .-:■ 
T U i-J 



all 



!■-!!■-! 



"Job" -> [2] -* 



| Destination Pattern 

Source Part 
Source Pattern 

Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -» [MENU] 
[ENTER] 

Summary: Copies a specified part from one pattern to 
another pattern. 

Settings: 

Source Pattern: 00 ... 99 
Source Part: CI, CH, BS, RT, all 
Destination Pattern: 00 ... 23 

Procedure: Use the [■<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selected 

^parameter. 

T After selecting the desired source pattern, source 
part (or "all" parts), and destination pattern, press the 
[ENTER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display (any 
previous data will be overwritten and erased when the 



copy operation is performed). Press [+/YES] to copy or 
[-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during copy, 
and "Completed!" will appear when the copy operation 
is finished. 

Details: The Copy Part job is a great way to use parts from 
already-recorded patterns (even from the preset patterns) 
to create new patterns. You can copy single parts or all 
parts and then edit them as necessary. 

A copy operation overwrites the data in the specified 
part(s) of the destination pattern with the data from the 
source pattern. Previous data in the overwritten part(s) 
is therefore lost. 



Ill 



r 



3: TRANSPOSE 





Ir-S PGS CI 


+ y 






Part 

Pattern Number 


Transpose ValuB 


Access: 




Pattern 

[ENTER 


Play Mode -> 
] 


[MENU] 


-> "Job" -> 



[3] -> 



Summary: Shifts the pitch of the specified part of the 
specified pattern up or down by a maximum of one 
octave, in semitone increments. 

Settings: 

Pattern Number: 00 ... 23 

Part: CI, CH, BS 

Transpose value: -12 ... +00 ... +12 

Procedure: Use the [-«] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or numeric 
and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selected 
parameter. The [A] and [T] keys can be used to change 
the sign of the transpose value — [A] for "+" and [▼] for 

After selecting the desired pattern number, part, 
112 



and transpose value, press the [ENTER] key. "Sure?" 
will blink on the display. Press [+/YES] to execute jj^e, 
transpose operation or [-/NO or [EXIT] to cancel. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during 
transposition, and "Completed!" will appear when the 
transpose operation is finished. 

Details: If no data exists in the specified part, the "No 
Data!" error message will appear and the erase operation 
will be aborted. 



PATTERN JOBS 



4: GET PARTS 



'J! 



u M@0i-esr 



U iiii* 1- 



Source End Measure 
Source Start Measure 
Source Track 



r~. -J -j i™- ~ 



Destination Track 
Destination Pattern Number 



~> "Job" -> [4] -> 



Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENU] 
[ENTER] 

Summary: "Gets" the specified range of data from a sequencer 
track and places it in the the specified track of a pat- 
tern. 

Settings: 

Source Track: TrI ... Tr4 
Source start measure: 001 ... 299 
Source end measure: 001 ... 299 
Destination Pattern Number: 00 — 23 
Destination Track: CI, CH, BS, RT 



Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the se- 
lected parameter. 

After selecting the desired source track, source measure 
range, destination pattern and track, press the [EN- 
TER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/ 
YES] to get the part or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the 
operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during the 
Get Part operation, and "Completed!" will appear when 
the operation is finished. 

Details: The Get Part function allows you use the sequencer 
tracks to create parts for patterns, thus providing an 
extra measure of recording versatility. It is also convenient 
way to use parts from a recorded sequence to build 
patterns. 

If no data exists in the specified source track, the 
"No Data!" error message will appear and the opera- 
tion will be aborted. If the specified destination pattern 
already contains data, the "Data Exist!" error message 
will appear and the operation will be aborted. 



113 



5: PUT PARTS 



i-t. .A 
r 'A ':■ 




Pfi 


-4 I - - 7 -4. 

■■J !_. i ■" 








j Track 
Pattern Number 




*~ 

— . . 4. 

r '-4 !_• 


+- 


L" 


1 










1 

Chord 




r\. .a 

r '■-■'. l 


* 


7 -j 










| Destination Measure 
Destination Track 



Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENU] 
[ENTER] 



-» "Job" -> [5] -> 



Summary: "Puts" the data from the specified track of a 
pattern to the specified measure of a sequencer track. 

Settings: 

Pattern Number: 00 ... 99 
Track: CI, CII, BS, RT 
Chord: Chord root x 20 chord types 
Destination Track: TrI ... Tr4 
Destination Measure: 001 ... 299 
114 



Procedure: Use the [<] and [►] cursor keys to select the 
various parameters. Use the [-] and [+] keys, or nu- 
meric and [ENTER] keys to set the value of the selccL 
parameter. 

After selecting the desired source pattern and track, 
the chord with which the pattern data is to be moved, 
and the destination track and measure, press the [EN- 
TER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/ 
YES] to execute or [-/NO] or [EXIT] to cancel the 
operation. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during the 
Put Part operation, and "Completed!" will appear when 
the operation is finished. 

Details: Put Part is essentially the revers of the Get Part 
job. It allows you to use parts from a backing pattern in 
your sequences. Of course, the parts you "put" in the 
sequencer tracks can be edited as required. 

If no data exists in the specified source track, the 
"No Data!" error message will appear and the opera- 
tion will be aborted. / - 

Any previous data in the destination area will ». 
erased. 



PATTERN JOBS 



6: PATTERN NAME 



Li 

Hdi'itf 



1 W 



Pattern Name 
Pattern Number 

Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENU] -» "Job" -> [6] -> 
[ENTER] 

Summary: Allows a name of up to 8 characters in length to 
be assigned to original patterns. 

Settings: 

Pattern Number: 00 ... 23 
Pattern Name: 8 characters 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to move the cursor to 
the desired character position, then use the [-] and [+] 
keys to select the character for that position. A space 
can be entered by pressing the [ENTER] key. Repeat 
until the entire name has been entered. Pattern Names 

w^ can have a maximum of 8 characters. 

Details: The characters available for creating pattern names 
arc as follows: 



[space] I "#$!:•;£• ( ;>* + ? -./0 123456789s 
flBCDEFGH I JKLMNOPQRSTUUWtf VZ C ¥ r 
a b c d e f 9 h i o k 1 n n o p -h r s t u '.,' w x y z < 1 > 






115 



7: CLEAR PARTS 



r k.' w 



U i. 

| Track 

Pattern Number 



Details: If the specified track contains no data, the "No 
Data" error message will appear and the clear opcrati^ 
will be aborted. 



Access: 

Pattern Play Mode -> [MENUJ -> "Job" -> [7] -> 
[ENTER] 

Summary: Deletes all data from the specified backing track. 

Settings: 

Pattern Number: 00 ... 23 
Track: CI, CII, BS, RT, all 

Procedure: Use the CURSOR keys to select the pattern 
number or track parameter, then the [-] and [+] keys to 
set as required. Select "all" to clear all four backing 
tracks. 

After selecting the desired track, press the [EN- 
TER] key. "Sure?" will blink on the display. Press [+/ 
YES] to execute the clear track operation or [-/NO] or 
[EXIT] to cancel. 

"Executing!" will appear on the display during clear, 
and "Completed!" will appear when the clear track 
operation is finished. 

116 



PATTERN JOBS 



117 



/* 




ERROR MESSAGES 
SPECIFICATIONS 

INDEX 



ERROR MESSAGES 



Things do go wrong from time to time, and people do make mistakes. When 
an error occurs, the QY10 will usually display a message that describes the t^ 
of error so you can take steps to rectify the problem. The following are quick 
summaries of the QY10 error displays. 



ERR 


Buffer hull ! 




ERR 


MIDI DOT A ! 




'cHH 


Check bup-j ! 




ERR 


Tl loQil Pi =, t =, 

J. J. J. •_„••„! J. I_- ■_! •„■ -_J 




ERR 


D e v i c e it o f f ! 



MIDI receive buffer overflow. Too much MIDI data being received too 
quickly. 



Unrecognizable MIDI data. 



A checksum error occurred during MIDI reception. 



System exclusive data received that can not be used by the QY10. 



You have attempted to transmit or receive bulk data while the MIDI device 
number is set to "off." 



120 



ERROR MESSAGES / SPECIFICATIONS / INDEX 



' i-r' *r»: =, t t .=. ■•"■ =_J 



The batteries are running low and must be replaced. You can also use an 
optional Yamaha PA- IB or PA-3 AC Adapter in place of batteries. 



% 



b R H M 9 \". o r y hull! 



Recording or editing has caused the sequencer memory to become full. 
Further recording or editing may be possible if unwanted tracks or song data are 
erased. 



r. K K 


i. i ~ 





You have attempted to perform a song or pattern job, or MIDI bulk trans- 
mission, on a song or track that contains no data. 



i- !-r' W W i i i 1/ i a i--. r, r"- ;=. ,-j 



A MIDI bulk transmission was received while the QY10 was in a mode 
other than song or pattern play. In such a case the received data is ignored. 



HtV It at a S- •>■• t -=. f. ' 



MIDI bulk data reception to a song that already contains data was at- 
tempted. Bulk data can only be received to an empty song (either clear the 
existing song data or chose an empty song). 



* 



■' It' '-. !~ t.t i" "I 1=. =1 r" £* i"-j ! 



Erroneous song data was detected at power-on, and the song has been 
cleared. This could indicate a battery problem. Have the internal backup battery 
checked by qualified Yamaha service personnel. 



121 



ERK 


Preset ! 




ERR 


Tl lpQal T r-i E> t 




ERR 


L?eu r-'ii snatch 




ERR 


Li-.. i~i : .. n i 



You have attempted to record to or edit a preset pattern. 



You have entered an illegal parameter value for one of the QY10 song o^ 
pattern jobs. 



The device number of received MIDI data does not match the currently set 
device number of the QY10. 



You have attempted to execute a job, or access one of the following modes 
while the sequencer is running. 

— pattern or song edit modes. 

— Bulk out modes. 

— MIDI sync, control, or device number screens. 



122 



ERROR MESSAGES / SPECIFICATIONS / INDEX 



t 



123 



SPECIFICATIONS 



I Sequencer 

Songs 8 

Tracks 4 sequencer ; 4 backing 

Maximum Polyphony 32 

Record Modes Real-time and Step 

Maximum Recordable Notes 

Approx. 6,000 
Note Resolution 1/96 

Backing Patterns 76 preset plus 24 user memory 

locations 
Demo Songs 3 



Tone Generator 

Voices 

Maximum Polyphony 
Max. Simultaneous Voices 



30 pitched voices plus 26 drum 
& percussion instruments 

28 



Note Assignment 



Dynamic Voice Allocation 



I Controls & Display 

Switches 
Volume Control 
Display 

Connectors 

Line Output 
Headphones 
MIDI IN/MIDI OUT 



46 

1 

1 line x 16 char. LCD 



Stereo mini-jack x 1 
Stereo mini-jack x 1 
5-pin DIN connector 



* 



Song Mode Functions 

Song Record Sequence track step record 

Sequence track overdub record 

Sequence track replace record 

Auto chord record 

All backing tracks step record 

Individual backing track step 

record 

Song Edit Change A 

Insert 



124 



ERROR MESSAGES / SPECIFICATIONS / INDEX 



Song Jobs 



% 



Voice Mode 



Utility Mode 



Mix track 
Quantize measure 
Create measure 
Copy measure 
Insert measure 
Delete measure 
Erase measure 
Transpose 
Combine track 
Clear track 

Voice assign 
Volume 

Pitch bend range 
Output assign 

Sync select 

MIDI control 

MIDI Device number 

MIDI bulk dump 

Metronome 

Store voice 



Pattern Mode 




Pattern Record 


Part step record 




Part overdub record 


Pattern Edit 


Change 




Insert 


Pattern Jobs 


Quantize parts 




Copy parts 




Transpose 




Get parts 




Put parts 




Pattern name 




Clear parts 


Voice Mode 


Same as Song Mode 


Utility Mode 


Same as Song Mode 


General 




Power Supply 


SUM-3 batteries or AC adapter 


Dimensions 


187 x 25 x 104 mm 


(W x H x D) 


(7-3/8" x l"x 4-1/8") 


Weight 


Approx. 300g (11 oz) without 




batteries 



125 



INDEX 



Symbols 

- and + keys 15 

A 

Accompaniment, example 26 

Auto chord record 57 

B 

Backing 

insert edit 64 

step record 50 

tracks, important facts 34 

Bass offset 

backing insert edit 65 

backing step record 52 

Batteries 

installing 10 

failure display 10 

c 

CBR 

insert edit 66 

step record 54 

126 



Change edit 60 

Chord changes /*" 

backing insert edit 6*t ' 

backing step record 51 

Chord keys 16 

Chords 47, 51, 57 

Cleaning 8 

Clear 

parts 116 

track 82,33 

Combine tracks 81 

Copy 

measure 75 

parts Ill 

Create measure 74 

CURSOR keys 15 

D 

DC IN 12V 300 mA connector 13 

Delete ^ 

Delete measure 7o 

Demonstration 18 

Dotted notes 47 

Drum set 25 



E 

Edit track selection 61 

ENTER key 16 

Erase measure 79 

^^fc-ror messages 121 

Event 46 

EXIT key 15 

External tone generators 36 

F 

Function 

keys 15 

map 41 

G 

Gate time 46, 47 

Get part 112 

I 

Insert 

edit 62 

1^ measure 77 



ERROR MESSAGES / SPECIFICATIONS / INDEX 

L 

Lead line, example 32 

LINE OUT connector 13 

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) 15 

M 

Main features 3 

Measure search 48 

Memory backup 9 

Memory, free 36 

MENU key 15 

Metronome 94 

Micro-keyboard 16 

MIDI 

bulk dump 93 

cables 8 

control 91 

device number 92 

IN connector 13, 46 

OUT connector 13,36 

transmit channels 36 

programming via 49 

Mix track 70 



127 



N 

Note 

entry 47 

insert edit 62 

Numeric keys 16 

o 

Output assignment 87 

Overdub record 56 

P 

PATT key 15 

Pattern 

change edit 106 

insert edit 107 

mode 99, 23 

name 115 

number 99, 23 

numbers, backing insert edit 65 

numbers, backing step record 53 

numbers, CBR insert edit 66 

numbers, CBR step record 55 

overdub record 103 

playback 98 

record standby 101 



step record 102 

creating an original 34 

preset 20 ... 21, 99 ... 100 

PHONES jack 13, 18 

Pitch bend ^ 

insert edit 6. 

range 86 

Power 

supply 10 ... 11, 8, 13 

switch 13 

Program change 

insert edit 63 

CBR insert edit 67 

Put parts 114 

Q 

Quantization 72 

Quantize parts no 

Quantize/note correspondences 73 

R 

Record track 45 

Refence section, about the 7- - , 

Replace record 5^ 

Rests 47 



128 



ERROR MESSAGES / SPECIFICATIONS / INDEX 



S 

Sequencer keys 15, 42 

SHIFT key 16 

SONG key 15 

▼ number 42, 18 

play 42 

record standby 45 

Specifications 125 

Step 

record 46 

search 48 

time 47 

Store voice 95 

Sustain insert edit 63 

Sync select 90 

T 

Tempo 

play 42 

record 45 

lies 47 

1 



Track 

mode display 43 

muting 31, 43 

numbers 26 

TRACK/TRANS key 17, 31, 43 

Transpose 44, 80 

pattern 112 

Triplets 47 

Tutorials section, about the 7 

V 

Velocity 46, 47 

CBR insert edit 66 

CBR step record 55 

Voice 

assignment 84 

list 23 

Volume 85 

VOLUME control 13 



129 



For information, please contact our nearest subsidiary or the au- 
thorized distributor listed below. 

Pour plus de details, veuillez vous adresser au concessionnaire ou 
distributeur pris dans la liste suivante le plus proche de chez vous. 



Informationen erhalten Sie bei unseren unten aufgefuhrten Nieder- 
lassungenund Vertragshandlern in den jeweiligen Bestimmungslandem 
erhaltlich. 

Para m£s inform aci ones, pongase en contacto con nuestra subsidi- 
aria o distribuidor autorizado enumerados a continuacion. 



NORTH AMERICA 



CANADA 

Yamaha Canada Music Ltd. 

135 Milner Avenue, Scarborough, Ontario, 
MIS 3R1, Canada 
Tel: 416-298-1311 

U.S.A. 

Yamaha Corporation of America, 
Audio, Guitar, and Synthesizer Division 

6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park, Calif. 90620, 

U.S.A. 

Tel: 1-800-443-2232 



MIDDLE & SOUTH AMERICA 



MEXICO 
Yamaha De Mexico S.A. De C.V., 
Departamento de ventas 
Javier Rojo Gomez No. 1 149, Col. Gpe Del 
Moral, Deleg. Iztapalapa, 09300 Mexico, D.F. 
Tel: 686-00-33 

BRASIL 
Yamaha Musical Do Brasil LTDA. 

Ave. Reboucas 2636, Sao Paulo, Brasil 
Tel: 55-11 853-1377 



PANAMA 

Yamaha De Panama S.A. 

Edificio Interseco, Calle Elvira Mendez no. 10, 
Piso 3, Oficina #105, Ciudad de Panama, Panama 
Teh 507-69-5311 

OTHER LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES 
AND CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES 

Yamaha Music Latin America Corp. 

6101 Blue Lagoon Drive, Miami, Florida 33126, 

U.S.A. 

Tel: 305-261-4111 



| EUROPE 

THE UNITED KINGDOM/IRELAND 

Yamaha-Kemble Music(U.K.) Ltd. 

S her bourne Drive, Til brook, Milton Keynes 

MK7 8B L.England 

Tel: 0908-366700 

GERMANY/SWITZERLAND 

Yamaha Europa GmbH. 

SiemensstrafJe 22-34, D-2084 Rellingen, F.R. of 

Germany 

Tel: 04101-3030 

AUSTRIA/HUNGARY 

Yamaha Music Austria GmbH. 

Schleiergasse 20, A-1100 Wien Austria 
Tel: 0222-60203900 



THE NETHERLANDS 
Yamaha Music Benelux B.V., 
Verkoop Administrate 

Kanaalweg 18G , 3526KL, Utrecht, The Netherlands 
Tel: 030-828411 

BELGIUM/LUXEMBOURG 

Yamaha Music Benelux B.V., 
Administration des Ventes 
Rue de Bosnie 22, 1060 Brusseles, Belgium 
Tel: 02-5374480 

FRANCE 

Yamaha Musiquc France, Division Produits 
Professionels 

BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Valee Cedex 2, France 
Tel: 01-64-61-4000 

ITALY 

Yamaha Musica Italia S.P.A., Combo Division 

Viale Italia 88, 20020 Lainate(Milano), Italy 
Tel: 02-937-4081 

SPAIN 

Yamaha-IIazen Electronica Musical, S.A. 

Jorge Juan 30, 28001, Madrid, Spain 

Tel: 91-577-7270 — . 

PORTUGAL 

Valentim de Carvalho CI SA 

Estrada de Porto Salvo, Paco de Aicos 2780 Oeiras, 

Portugal 

Tel: 01-443-3398/4030/1823 



GREECE 
Philippe NakasS.A. 

Navarinou Street 13, P.Code 10680, Athens, Greece 
Tel: 01-364-71 11 

SWEDEN 
Yamaha Scandinavia AB 

• Wettergrens gala 1, Box 30053, 400 43 
borg, Sweden 
031-496090 

DENMARK 
Yamaha Scandinavia Filial Danmark 

Finsensvej 86, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark 
Tel: 31-87 30 88 

FINLAND 
Fazer Music Inc. 

Lansituulentie 1A, SF-02100 Espoo, Finland 
Tel: 90-435 011 

NORWAY 
Narud Yamaha AS 

0stemdalen 29, 1345 0sterSs 
Tel: 02-24 47 90 

ICELAND 
Pill H. Palsson 

P.O. Box 85, Reykjavik, Iceland 
Tel: 01-19440 

EAST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES 
(Except HUNGARY) 
Yamaha Europa GmbH. 

SiemensstraBe 22-34, D-2084 Rellingen, F.R. of 

Germany 

Tel: 04101-3030 

Aon of soviet socialist 

^PUBLICS 
Yamaha Corporation, Asia Oceania Group 

Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430 

Tel: 81(Country Code)-534-60-231 1 



AFRICA 



MOROCCO 

Yamaha-Hazen Electronica Musical, S.A. 
Jorge Juan 30, 28001, Madrid, Spain 
Tel: 91-577-7270 

OTHER COUNTRIES 
Yamaha Muslque France, Division Export 

BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Valee Cedex 2, France 
Tel: 01-64-61-4000 



MIDDLE EAST ASIA 



ISRAEL 
R.B.X. International Co., Ltd. 

P.O.Box 11136, Tel- Aviv 61111, Israel 
Tel: 3-298-251 

OTHER COUNTRIES 
Yamaha Musique France, Division Export 

BP 70-77312 Marne-la-Valee Cedex 2, France 
Tel: 01-64-61-4000 



ASIA 



HONG KONG 
Tom Lee Music Co., Ltd. 

15/F., World Shipping Centre, Habour City, 
7 Canton Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong 
Tel: 3-722-1098 

INDONESIA 

PT. Nusantik 

Gedung Yamaha Music Center, Jalan Jend. Gatot 
Subroto Kav. 4, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia 
Tel: 21-520-2577 



KOREA 

Cosmos Corporation 

131-31 Neung-dong, Sungdong-ku, Seoul, Korea 
Tel: 2-466-0021-5 

MALAYSIA 

Yamaha Music Malaysia Sdn., Bhd. 

16-28, Jalan SS 2/72, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, 

Malaysia 

Tel: 3-717-8977 

PHILIPPINES 
Yupangco Music Corporation 

339 Gil J. Puyat Avenue, Makati, Metro Manila 
1200, Philippines 
Tel: 2-85-7070 

SINGAPORE 
Yamaha Music Asia Pte., Ltd. 
80 Tannery Lane, Singapore 1334, Singapore 
Tel: 747-4374 

TAIWAN 

Kung Hsue She Trading Co., Ltd. 

KHS Fu Hsing Building, 322, Section 1, Fu-Hsing 

S. Road, Taipei 10640, Taiwan. R.O.C. 

Tel: 2-709-1266 

THAILAND 
Siam Music Yamaha Co., Ltd. 

933/1-7 Rama I Road, Patumwan, Bangkok, Thailand 
Tel: 2-215-0030 

THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA 
AND OTHER ASIAN COUNTRIES 
Yamaha Corporation, Asia Oceania Group 
Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430 
Tel: 81 (Country Code)-53-460-231 1 



OCEANIA 

AUSTRALIA 
Yamaha Music Australia Pty. Ltd. 

17-33 Market Street, South Melbome, Vic. 3205, 

Australia 

Tel: 3-699-2388 



NEW ZEALAND 
Music Houses of N.Z. Ltd. 

146/148 Captain Springs Road, Te Papapa, Auckland 
New Zealand 
Tel: 9-640-099 



COUNTRIES AND TRUST 
TERRITORIES IN PACIFIC OCEAN 
Yamaha Corporation, Asia Oceania Group 

Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430 
Tel: 81 (County Code)-53-460-231 1 



HEAD OFFICE 



Yamaha Corporation, Electronic Musical Instrument Division 

Nakazawa-cho 10-1, Hamamatsu, Japan 430 
Tel: 81 (County Code) -53-460-2445 



r 



Litiumbatteri! 

Bor endast bytas av servicepersonal. 

Explosionsfara vid felaktig bantering. 



VAROITUS! 

Lithiumparisto, Rajahdysvaara. 

Pariston saa vaihtaa ainoastaan alan 

ammattimies. 



ADVARSEL! 

Lithiumbatteri! 

Eksplosionsfare. Udskiftning ma kun foretages 

af en sagkyndig, - og som beskrevet i 

servicemanualen. 



SERVICE 

This product is supported by YAMAHA'S worldwide network 
of factory trained and qualified dealer service personnel. In 
the event of a problem, contact your nearest YAMAHA dealer. 



YAMAHA 




|VK57820| 910S R4 O© Printed in Japan